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*** Note: KnowYourInsects.org does its best to include correct identifications of insect photos. It’s always possible that we made a mistake, however, so if you see a misidentification, please contact us and we will correct it. Thanks!

Order Orthoptera: grasshoppers, katydids and crickets — Examples

Families represented below:
Acrididae Eumastacidae Gryllacrididae Gryllidae Gryllotalpidae Pamphagidae Prophalangopsidae
Pyrgomorphidae Rhaphidophoridae Romaleidae Stenopelmatidae Tetrigidae Tettigoniidae

Tettigoniidae, the katydids and bush-crickets

Katydid (Phaneropterinae)
Katydid in the subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
Photographed by: Vijay Pratap Yadav. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Pure Daroga Daulatpur, Post-Barun, district of Ayodhya, in Uttar Pradesh, India. Date: 19 July, 2020.
Vijay says, “I captured it today in my house.”
Glandular bush-cricket (Bradyporus latipes)
Glandular bush-cricket, female, Bradyporus latipes, subfamily Bradyporinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The photographer found this unusual-looking glandular bush-cricket while in the mountains in an area with grass and green wheat. It is a wingless species. The ovipositor of this female is shown in the close-up at right.
□ Note: This species was formerly listed under the genus Callimenus.
Photographed and identified to order by: Amir Ramezani. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Shah Safi Valley, Dehaghan, Isfahan Province, Iran. Date: 23 May, 2020.
Amir says, “It had milky color head and legs, green collar, black abdomen and biting tail. The legs were razor sharp.”
Lichen katydid
Lichen katydid, female, Markia hystrix, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This lichen katydid has so many interesting details: an intricate pattern on its body that really helps it blend into its leafy surroundings, horns on its head and pronotum (the shield covering its thorax), striped eyes, and spiny legs. The right photo also shows the curved ovipositor (the egg-laying structure at the rear) on this female.
□ Note: Phaneropterinae is sometimes elevated to family level: Phaneropteridae.
Photographed by: Charles D. Location: Panama. Date: 25 November, 2016.
Charles found this specimen at about 4,500-foot elevation. He says, “I saw it in the grass, took it inside to my table to get these snapshots.”
Common Garden Katydid (Caedicia simplex)
Common garden katydid, Caedicia simplex, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The uncommonly beautiful common garden katydid has the ability to change its color a bit to match its surroundings, and this one does a great job of picking up both the greens and pinks of this evergreen called Grevillea.
Photographed by: Carolyn Noake. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Moruya, New South Wales, Australia. Date: 13 June, 2019.
Rattler Round-winged Katydid (Amblycorypha)
Rattler round-winged katydid, female, in the genus Amblycorypha, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The rattler round-winged katydid was once listed as Amblycorypha rotundifolia, but recent work separated that species into three: A. rotundifolia, A. bartrami, and A. alexanderi. Although they look alike, they can be distinguished because A. bartrami lives in the driest habitats, and A. rotundifolia has the busiest song.
Photographed and identified as a katydid by: Cindy and Ray Green. Identified to genus by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Rose Township, Michigan, USA. Data: 14 August, 2018.
Mountain katydid (Acripeza reticulata)
Mountain katydid, Acripeza reticulata, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ When it feels threatened, the mountain katydid will lift its wings to display its red- and blue-banded abdomen (seen at left), enough to scare off many predators. At rest, its gray-brown wings lay down, giving it the appearance of a leaf so it blends into the background (seen at right).
□ This female is flightless and has wings about half as long as the male, which can fly. The male has a body length that can reach 5 cm (2 inches), while the female can reach about 3 cm (1.2 inches) long.
Photographed by: Nunette Marks. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: on the walking trails of Mount Coot-Tha near Brookfield, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Date: 2 May, 2020.
Nunette says, “We saw this beautiful bug on our walk this morning.”
Katydid nymph (Harroweria spp.)
Katydid, nymph, in the genus Harroweria, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ With the red-and-white striped legs, circle around the eye and nearly matching marking at the end of its abdomen, bumpy green body, and long antennae (full length shown at right), this is quite a stunning katydid nymph!
Photographed by: David Foster. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Venecia, Antioquia, Colombia. Date: 25 March, 2019.
Mediterranean Katydid (Phaneroptera nana)
Mediterranean katydid, also known as a four-spot bush katydid, male nymph, Phaneroptera nana, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The Mediterranean katydid is a small katydid even as an adult. A nymph, like this one, has a body of around a half-inch (1.2 cm) long. A native to Europe, it was introduced to North America perhaps as early as a century ago.
Photographed and identified to order by: Amy Brezovec. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Manhattan Beach, California, USA. Date: 21 August, 2019.
Amy says she spotted this one at 2 a.m. in a bedroom.
Mediterranean Katydid (Phaneroptera nana)
Mediterranean katydid, also known as a four-spot bush katydid, male nymph, Phaneroptera nana, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This nymph of a Mediterranean katydid has black spots and bands on an orange background, and characteristic black and white banding at the base of its long antennae.
Photographed and identified to family by: Johannes Russek. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: New Jersey, USA. Date: 18 June, 2021.
Long-Legged Bush Cricket (Acrometopa spp.)
Long-legged bush cricket, female, in the genus Acrometopa, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This female long-legged bush cricket has exceptionally long hind legs, and the hind-leg femur is unusually thin for a bush cricket/katydid. It could be one of three very similar species — Acrometopa servillea, Acrometopa macropoda or Acrometopa italica).
Photographed by: Yanni Petropoulos. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: southern Greece. Data: 13 June, 2020.
Short-Wing Katydid (Dichopetala spp.)
Short-wing katydid, female, in the genus Dichopetala, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
Short-wing katydids cannot fly. The males have short forewings (called tegmina), but the female (shown here) doesn’t have forewings at all — just a pair of little scales.
Photographed and identified by: Kris DelMonte. Location: National Butterfly Center, Mission, Texas, USA. Date: 24 December, 2018.
Kris says, “I was looking for butterflies to photograph and all of a sudden this Common Short-wing Katydid showed up in my viewfinder.”
Speckled Bush-Cricket (Leptophyes punctatissima)
Speckled bush-cricket, young nymph, Leptophyes punctatissima, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This speckled bush-cricket nymph is only about 5–6 mm (less than 1/4 inch) in length, according to the photographer. See the adult (both male and female) in the next photo.
Photographed and identified by: Bryan Wenham-Baker. Location: Ivybridge, South Hams, South Devon, England, UK. Date: 30 July, 2018.
Speckled Bush-Cricket (Leptophyes punctatissima)
Speckled bush-cricket, young nymph, Leptophyes punctatissima, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The speckled bush-cricket is a flightless species, and neither the male (left) nor the female has hind wings. The male has tiny tegmina (forewings), and the female’s tegmina are even more reduced. She also has a long, curved, egg-laying structure (the ovipositor) at her rear. This is a small species, with a body that only grows to about 1.5 cm (about 0.6 inches) long.
Photographed and identified to order by: Andrea Bromfield. Location: Birchgrove, Swansea, England, UK. Date: 1 September, 2019.
Andrea says, “There are potatoes in the pot, and these were on the flowers.”
Katydid/bush cricket (Himertula kinneari)
Phaneropterin katydid, female, Himertula kinneari, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The top photo of this Phaneropterin katydid shows the length of the antennae, while the bottom photo reveals the detail of the body coloration.
Photographed and identified to family by: Axay Chauhan. Identified to species by: entomologist Dr. S.M. Gaikwad, of the Department of Zoology at Shivaji University, Kolhapur, in Maharashtra, India. Thank you Dr. Gaikwad! Location: Girnar, Gujarat, India. Date: 1 October, 2017.
Dr. Gaikwad notes that the distribution of this species is India (Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal), Bhutan and Nepal.
Katydid/bush cricket (Himertula kinneari)
Phaneropterin katydid, female, Himertula kinneari, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This phaneropterin katydid has an interesting so-called disruptive coloration — the brown and green “disrupt” the outline of the insect, making it more difficult for predators to see and hone in on the katydid. Another often-described example of a disruptive pattern is the zebra — its stripes serve to help break up its outline and serve to help protect it from predators.
□ It is identified as a female by the curved structure (the ovipositor) at the rear of the abdomen.
Photographed and identified by: Maharshi Nilesh Patel. Location: Gavier Lake, near Surat Airport, Surat, Gujarat, India. Date: 18 and 25 August, 2019.
Maharshi said he identified this katydid through this website. We at KnowYourInsects.org are so happy we could help!
Phaneropterin Katydid (Barbitistes spp.)
Phaneropterin katydid, female, genus Barbitistes, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ Like other katydids, this phaneropterin katydid has very long antennae.
Photographed and identified to family by: Richard J. B. Wharram. Identified to genus by: orthopterist Roy Kleukers of the Naturalis Biodiversity Center in Leiden, Netherlands. Thank you, Dr. Kleukers! Location: Monte Palanzone in the Triangolo Lariano (the land mass between the Como & Lecco legs of Lake Como) of the Prealpi Lombarde, Italy. Date: 16 July, 2018.
Bush Katydid (Scudderia spp.), possibly Fork-tailed Bush Katydid (Scudderia furcata)
Bush katydid, female, in the genus Scudderia, possibly the Fork-tailed Bush Katydid, Scudderia furcata, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The female fork-tailed bush katydid has a long and curved ovipositor as seen here. The male, has a much smaller and U-shaped structure that contributed to the common name of “fork-tailed.”
Photographed by: Barbara Johnson. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: North Reading, Massachusetts, USA. Date: 24 September, 2019.
Bush Katydid (Scudderia spp.)
Bush Katydid, female, possibly the fork-tailed bush katydid, Scudderia furcata, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
Photographed and identified to family by: Lauren K. Identified to tentative species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Connecticut, USA. Date: summer/fall 2019.
Bush Katydid (Scudderia spp.)
Bush Katydid, female, nymph, possibly the fork-tailed bush katydid, Scudderia furcata, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This is a nymph of bush katydid, quite possibly a fork-tailed katydid. The adult males of this species produce a gentle and slow stt … stt … stt call, as heard here.
Photographed by: Lisa Lavagnino. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org Location: Monterey Bay, California, USA. Date: 15 June, 2020.
Lisa spotted two of these katydid nymphs, and says, “Saw these on dahlia leaves.”
Bush Katydid (Scudderia spp.)
Fork-tailed bush katydid, nymph, Scudderia furcata, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This nymph of a fork-tailed katydid was discovered on a hibiscus plant.
Photographed by: Pamela Wells. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org Location: Rolling Meadows, Ilinois, USA. Date: 24 June, 2020.
Mexican Bush Katydid (Scudderia mexicana)
Mexican bush katydid, nymph, Scudderia mexicana, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The nymph of a Mexican bush katydid has a large white spot between each eye and the front of its face.
Discovered by: William Robinson (age 8). Photographed and identified to genus by: Jonathon Robinson. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: San Pedro, California, USA. Date: 24 June, 2019.
Jonathan says William “has a good eye!”
Mexican Bush Katydid (Scudderia mexicana)
Mexican Bush Katydid, nymph, Scudderia mexicana, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The nymph of a Mexican bush katydid gets more copper coloration as it goes through its instars (stages) on the way to becoming an adult.
Discovered by: William Robinson (age 8). Photographed and identified to genus by: Jonathon Robinson. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: San Pedro, California, USA. Date: 24 June, 2019.
Mexican Bush Katydid (Scudderia mexicana)
Mexican Bush Katydid, male nymph, Scudderia mexicana, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This male Mexican bush katydid nymph is farther along in its development than the nymphs in the previous photos, and looks quite different. The stripe along the abdomen helps to identify it.
Photographed and identified to genus by: Thomas Voehringer. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Burbank, California, USA. Date: 9 May, 2020.
Thomas says, “Shot this in a honeysuckle bush in my yard.”
Mexican Bush Katydid (Scudderia mexicana)
Mexican Bush Katydid, male nymph, Scudderia mexicana, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ A very close look will reveal a tiny spike on the top of this Mexican bush katydid nymph’s head. This is an egg tooth, which helps the nymph cut through and escape the egg shell. The egg tooth disappears soon after birth, so this is a young nymph.
Photographed and identified by: Thomas K. Hopkins. Location: Leucadia, California, USA. Date: December 2020.
Thomas found two of these nymphs and says, “They were found living inside a blooming variegated yellow rose bush outside my front door.”
Bush Katydid (Scudderia mexicana)
Fork-tailed bush katydid, male, nymph, Scudderia mexicana, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This nymph of a fork-tailed katydid shows the detail of the last abdominal segment. The shape of the segment can be used to tell one species from another. A good summary of that feature in several species is posted here. This appears to be the species Scudderia mexicana.
Photographed and identified to order by: Melanie Brocklehurst. Nicely done, Melanie! Location: Katonah, New York, USA. Date: 16 August, 2020.
Texas Bush Katydid (Scudderia texensis)
Texas Bush Katydid, Scudderia texensis, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ Even as a nymph, this Texas bush katydid has a noticeable ovipositor, so it is a female.
Photographed by George (no last name given). Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Humble, Texas, USA. Date: 27 April, 2017.
George says it was about 2 inches long.
Scudder's Bush Katydid (Scudderia spp.)
Scudder’s bush katydid, nymph, in the genus Scudderia, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The photographer found several of these Scudder’s bush katydid nymphs on her roses.
Photographed and identified by: Amy Fields. Location: Yuba City, California, USA. Date: 8 May 2017.
Amy says, “Just found picture of scudders bush katydid on your website. That sure looks like my bug. Thanks for a great website.” KnowYourInsects.org says, “You’re welcome!”
Scudder's Bush Katydid (Scudderia spp.)
Scudder’s bush katydid, nymph, genus Scudderia, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The Scudder’s bush katydid nymph is lime-green with bits of orange on its thorax.
Photographed and identified by: Hannah Peereboom. Location: Bainbridge, Ohio, USA. Date: 25 June, 2019.
Scudder's Bush Katydid (Scudderia spp.)
Scudder’s Bush Katydid, nymph, genus Scudderia, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
Photographed by: Charlie Winstead. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Warrick County, Indiana, USA. Date: June 2015.
Charlie says, “I had trouble keeping him (?) in focus because he was continually on the move. I spotted him on a Japanese maple tree near my front porch.”
Scudder's Bush Katydid (Scudderia spp.)
Scudder’s Bush Katydid, nymph, in the genus Scudderia, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This Scudder’s bush katydid nymph is sitting on purple poppy mallow — a pretty flower for a pretty nymph!
Photographed and identified to family by: Gail Rowley, Ozark Stream Photography. Identified to genus by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Texas County, Missouri, USA. Date: June 2015.
Scudder's Bush Katydid (Scudderia spp.)
Scudder’s Bush Katydid, nymph, in the genus Scudderia, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ Note the the pollen on the feet of this Scudder’s bush katydid.
Photographed and identified to family by: Gail Rowley, Ozark Stream Photography. Identified to genus by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Texas County, Missouri, USA. Date: early May 2012.
Gail says, “I used a macro lens with extensions.” KnowYourInsects.org says, “Macro lenses are great when photographing insects!”
Scudder's Bush Katydid (Scudderia spp.)
Scudder’s Bush Katydid, nymph, in the genus Scudderia, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
Photographed and identified to family by: Lauren Fleming. Identified to genus by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Mundelein, Illinois, USA. Date: 11 July, 2020.
Scudder's Bush Katydid (Scudderia spp.)
Scudder’s Bush Katydid, in the genus Scudderia, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
Photographed and identified as a katydid by: Brian Muscat. Submitted by: Kimberly Sanchez. Identified to genus by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Date: 1 September, 2020. Kimberley says, “When I went to touch one, it kicked back its leg to push my finger away — they are quite amazing to watch for half an hour or so.”
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Angle-Winged Katydid (Microcentrum rhombifolium)
Greater angle-winged katydid, Microcentrum rhombifolium, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The greater angle-winged katydid male makes its tick-tick-tick song by rubbing its two wings together, specifically a “file” (a series of little teeth) on one wing, and a hard “scraper” on the other.
□ The greater angle-winged katydid is almost identical in appearance to the lesser angle-winged katydid (see next entries), but it is a bit larger overall and is found in eastern and southwestern United States. The lesser angle-winged is only found in the eastern U.S.
Photographed by: Meghan Ann Mace. Identified by: Roger Bland, entomologist, professor emeritus, Central Michigan University. Location: Macomb Township, Macomb County, Michigan, USA. Date: 6 August, 2012.
KnowYourInsects says, “Thank you, Dr. Bland, for the identification!”
Lesser Angle-Winged Katydid (Microcentrum retinerve)
Lesser angle-winged katydid, Microcentrum retinerve, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The male lesser angle-winged katydid often calls from the tips of high tree branches in a quickly repeated series of ch-ch-ch sounds. To hear the call, click here (Songs of Insects website).
Photographed and identified by: Hollie Husband. Location: Pennsylvania. Date: 14 October, 2020.
California Angle-winged Katydid (Microcentrum californicum)
Katydid, nymph, possibly California angle-winged katydid, Microcentrum californicum, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ As the nymph of the California angle-winged katydid goes through its stages of development (called instars), its little wing buds will become increasingly large. As an adult, it will have fully formed, functional wings.
Photographed by: Margaret Minor. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Balboa Park, San Diego, California, USA. Date: 10 July, 2019.
Margaret says, “At first I thought it was a grasshopper, but didn’t see any wings. Then I saw on a website that crickets and katydids have long antennae.” KnowYourInsects.org says,“Good eye, Margaret!”
California Angle-winged Katydid (Microcentrum californicum)
California angle-winged katydid, nymph, Microcentrum californicum, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ Adult California angle-winged katydids are found in California and Arizona. This photo is the nymph. To see an adult, click here.
Discovered by: William Robinson (age 8). Photographed and identified to genus by: Jonathon Robinson. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: San Pedro, California, USA. Date: 24 June, 2019.
Lesser Angle-Winged Katydid (Microcentrum retinerve)
Lesser angle-winged katydid, nymph, Microcentrum retinerve, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This nymph of a lesser angle-winged katydid has an unusually red/pink coloration.
□ The adult of the lesser angle-winged katydid and the greater angle-winged katydid (as seen elsewhere on this page) are nearly identical. One slight difference between the two is shape of the front of the pronotum: it goes straight across in the lesser angle-winged katydid, but has a tiny central, forward-facing hitch in the greater angle-winged katydid.
Photographed and identified to order by: Joelle Friend. Identified to species by: Steve Hall. Thank you, Steve! Location: Concord, North Carolina. Date: July, 2019.
Giant Katydid (Stilpnochlora couloniana)
Giant katydid, Stilpnochlora couloniana, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This giant katydid is found in the Caribbean, as well as Florida (where this was photographed) and occasionally far southern Georgia. The adult’s body can reach almost 2 inches (5 cm) long. They make a “tssst” sound at night.
Photographed by: Jennifer Cummins. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: The Villages, Florida, USA. Date: 19 October, 2018.
Jennifer says, “I come from the Chicagoland area, where winter kills off many a living thing, but have lived in Indiana, Texas and Tennessee. However, none of these locales prepared me for plant-eating slugs (not doing butterfly gardens here!), geckos in my house and on my car, toads in my planters, and this insect on my outside lampost.”
Giant Katydid (Stilpnochlora couloniana)
Giant katydid, nymph, Stilpnochlora couloniana, subfamily Phaneropterinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This is a later-stage nymph, probably 4th or 5th instar, so it is almost ready to become an adult. The first instar (just after hatching from its egg) is very colorful. See the first instar by clicking here (bugguide.net). See the photographer’s comment about its tarsi (feet) below.
Photographed and identified as a katydid by: Laura Lewis-Tuffin. Location: Jacksonville, Florida, USA. Date: 29 August, 2020.
Laura noted the contrasting color of legs and tarsi. She says, “It looks like it has shoes on, so cute!” She adds, “Of all the plants in my garden that it could eat and rest on, this nymph chose the one that it matches perfectly by color.” She adds, “I wanted to let this katydid eat her fill, was hoping to see her transition to her next stage. But two days after I took this photo, she had wrecked so much of the canna patch by eating large holes in the leaves, that I finally moved her off to a large viburnum bush, and never saw her again. :( ”
Greater Arid-Land Katydid (Neobarrettia spinosa)
Greater arid-land katydid, adult female, Neobarrettia spinosa, subfamily Listroscelidinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The greater arid-land katydid is sometimes known as a red-eyed devil, which may refer to the fact that it is capable of delivering a strong nip — enough to draw blood — or that it will eat about anything it can find, ranging from other insects to larger animals, such as frogs and lizards. One report even documented a greater arid-land katydid throwing a songbird out of its nest.
Photographed by: Trevor Nunnelee. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Abilene, Texas, USA. Date: 7 August, 2019.
Greater Arid-Land Katydid (Neobarrettia spinosa)
Greater arid-land katydid, adult female, Neobarrettia spinosa, subfamily Listroscelidinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ These photos of a greater arid-land katydid show the fanned-out hind wings that are usually folded and hidden away under the green forewings (tegmina). It flashes its hind wings and holds out its hind wings to look menacing when it feels threatened. It also will bite.
Photographed and identified by: Tina Griffin. Location: Canyon Lake, Texas, USA. Date: 12 August, 2020.
Tina says, “It’s pretty scary looking.”
Katydid (Tettigoniidae)
Katydid, family Tettigoniidae.
□ KnowYourInsects.org has been unable to identify this species of katydid. It looks much like — and has similar aggressive behavior to — the red-eyed devil also known as a greater arid land katydid (Neobarrettia spinosa). The red-eyed devil is native to the southern United States and Mexico, however, and not found in Indonesia, where this photo was taken.
Photographed by Muhammad Rival Abizar. Identified to family by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Java, Indonesia. Date: 10 July, 2017.
Muhammad says, “I would like to know what (this) insect is, because it bit me hard, and I’ve never seen one like that.”
Dark Bush-Cricket (Pholidoptera griseoaptera)
Dark bush-cricket, nymph, Pholidoptera griseoaptera, subfamily Tettigoniinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The dark bush-cricket nymph has a wide, dark stripe running along each side, plus a pair of thinner, lighter-colored stripes down the top of the back.
Photographed and identified by: Bryan Wenham-Baker. Location: Ivybridge, South Hams, South Devon, England, UK. Date: 30 July, 2018.
Dark Bush-Cricket (Pholidoptera griseoaptera)
Dark bush-cricket, adult female, Pholidoptera griseoaptera, subfamily Tettigoniinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ Adult dark bush-crickets have a very thin, white edge on the pronotum (visible in this photo). The male has two small cerci (the projections at the rear of the abdomen); the female also has two cerci plus a much larger and curve-shaped ovipositor extending between them.
Photographed and identified by: Bryan Wenham-Baker. Location: Ivybridge, South Hams, South Devon, England, UK. Date: 30 July, 2019.
Dark Bush Cricket (Pholidoptera griseoaptera)
Dark bush-cricket, adult female, Pholidoptera griseoaptera, subfamily Tettigoniinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The dark bush-cricket is an unusual bush-cricket, because the wings are so small. In fact, they are only barely visible, peeking out from behind the shield-like pronotum. This species is flightless.
Photographed by: Janet Mold. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Barnstaple, England. Date: 28 September, 2017.
Janet says, “I thought it had interesting bobbles on its feet.”
Dark Bush-Cricket (Pholidoptera griseoaptera)
Dark bush-cricket, adult male, Pholidoptera griseoaptera, subfamily Tettigoniinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ Compare this male dark bush-cricket to the female in the next photo. The male has short wings — they appear here as rounded structures running from the pronotum (the shield-like covering over the thorax) to about one-third of the length of the abdomen. The female’s wings are so small, they are barely seen (see next photo). The male and female in these two photos were spotted in the same area, and even crawled onto the same plant.
Photographed and identified by: Bryan Wenham-Baker. Location: Ivybridge, South Hams, South Devon, England, UK. Date: 10 September, 2019.
Dark bush-cricket (Pholidoptera griseoaptera)
Dark bush-cricket, adult female, Pholidoptera griseoaptera, subfamily Tettigoniinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The spear-like ovipositor is clearly seen on this gorgeous photo of the adult female dark bush-cricket. Her tiny wings (see red arrow in top close-up) look like small rounded nubs barely peeking out from beneath the pronotum (the shield-like covering over her thorax).
Photographed and identified by: Bryan Wenham-Baker. Location: Ivybridge, South Hams, South Devon, England, UK. Date: 10 September, 2019.
Oak Bush Cricket (Meconema thalassinum)
Oak Bush Cricket, female, Meconema thalassinum, subfamily Meconematinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This photo of an oak bush cricket was taken in England. In France, it is called Méconème Tambourinaire, where the latter means someone who plays a tambourine and refers to the drumming sound made by the adult males.
Photographed and identified by: Jean-Louis Metzger. Location: Oxford, England, UK. Date: 29 October, 2011.
Oak Bush Cricket (Meconema thalassinum)
Oak bush cricket, female, also known as a drumming katydid, Meconema thalassinum, subfamily Meconematinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This insect is called an oak bush cricket in its native Europe, but goes by the common name of drumming katydid in the United States where this one was found. It is also sometimes called a sea-green katydid, and its species name of thalassinum refers to the Latin word thalassine, which means sea-green.
Photographed by: Steve Lodholz. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Washington, USA. Date: 3 September, 2020.
Oak Bush Cricket (Meconema thalassinum)
Oak bush cricket, female, nymph, Meconema thalassinum, subfamily Meconematinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This oak bush cricket is found up in trees for the most part. Unlike most members of this family that primarily munch on leaves, this species is a carnivore and eats other insects.
□ Adult males make a soft drumming sound by very quickly tapping or vibrating one of its hind feet on a leaf or some other surface. It drums for seven one-second drumming sessions in a row, and then it waits a while and repeats the seven one-second sessions.
Photographed and identified by: Jean-Louis Metzger. Location: Near Split, on the banks of the river Cetina, Croatia. Date: 27 July, 2017.
Robust Conehead (Neoconocephalus robustus)
Conehead katydid, quite possibly a robust conehead, Neoconocephalus robustus, subfamily Conocephalinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ Most robust coneheads are green in the summer, but some are brown (like this one). In the winter, however, most of them take on the brown coloration. The spear-like ovipositor is visible in this photo peeking out beneath and about midway on the wings.
□ The call is quite loud: Listen here.
Photographed and identified by: Jenny Greene. Location: Topeka, Kansas, USA. Date: 17 August, 2020.
Broad Conehead (Neoconocephalus triops)
Conehead katydid, quite possibly a broad-tipped conehead, Neoconocephalus triops, subfamily Conocephalinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The broad-tipped conehead has a soft, buzzing call heard here.
□ Its long and thin wings come in handy when it feels threatened: It will stick its head in the ground and hold its wings straight so it looks enough like a blade of grass that it can blend in.
Photographed and identified to order by: Teddi Showalter. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Date: 16 April, 2017.
Broad-tipped Conehead (Neoconocephalus triops)
Broad-tipped conehead, Neoconocephalus triops, subfamily Conocephalinae, family Tettigoniidae.
Broad-tipped coneheads can be green or dark brown, as shown. To hear the calls of the broad-tipped conehead, click here.
Photographed and identified to order by: Marv Goldberg. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Tamarac, Florida, USA. Date: 5 September, 2019.
Of the bottom photo, Marv says, “The lighter area is a vertical wall; the darker area is the ceiling. I guess he got tired of grass.”
Broad-tipped Conehead (Neoconocephalus triops)
Broad-tipped conehead, Neoconocephalus triops, subfamily Pterophorinae, family Pterophoridae.
□ The broad-tipped conehead is also known as a three-eyed conehead, because the black tip on its head (shown here) looks vaguely like a third eye. In fact, the species name of triops translates to three eyes. Some individuals are green; others are brown.
□ Note: The round-tipped conehead (Neoconocephalus retusus) looks similar but the tip of the head is more bead-like. To see the round-tipped conehead, click here (Bugguide.net).
Photographed by: Tyler Oberding. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Las Tunas, Cuba. Date: 9 January, 2021.
Conehead Katydid (Neoconocephalus spp.)
Conehead katydid, nymph, in the genus Neoconocephalus, subfamily Conocephalinae, family Tettigoniidae.
Conehead katydid nymphs are often quite similar. The shape of the cone — as shown here — can help to tell them apart.
Photographed and identified as a conehead (in the subfamily Conocephalinae, which includes the coneheads and meadow katydids) by: Jeff Goff. Identified to genus by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: near Munising in Alger County, Michigan, USA. Date: 3 September, 2017.
Conehead katydid (Euconocephalus spp.)
Conehead katydid, Euconocephalus, subfamily Conocephalinae family Tettigoniidae.
□ The genus name Euconocephalus refers to the cone-shaped head on these katydids: cono = cone; cephalus = head.
Photographed by: Devendra Solanki. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Khargone, Madhya, Pradesh, India. Date: 26 October, 2017.
Conehead katydid (Euconocephalus spp.)
Conehead katydid, Euconocephalus, subfamily Conocephalinae family Tettigoniidae.
Photographed by: Devendra Solanki. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Khargone, Madhya, Pradesh, India. Date: 25 October, 2017.
Conehead katydid (Euconocephalus spp.)
Katydid, Euconocephalus, subfamily Conocephalinae family Tettigoniidae (the katydids).
Photographed by: Devendra Solanki. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Khargone, Madhya, Pradesh, India. Date: 26 October, 2017.
Straight-Lanced Meadow Katydid (Conocephalus strictus)
Straight-lanced meadow katydid, also known as a striped katydid, female, Conocephalus strictus, subfamily Conocephalinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The female straight-lanced meadow katydid has a long spear-shaped ovipositor extending from her rear. The male of this species, on the other hand, has a pair of short and sharp-looking cerci extending from his rear end. Both males and females have very short wings that cover less than half of the abdomen.
Photographed by: Maryle Barbé. Location: Arcadia, Michigan, USA. Date: 2013.
Greater Meadow Katydid, Orchelimum spp.
Greater meadow katydid, female, in the genus Orchelimum, subfamily Conocephalinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The female greater meadow katydid has extremely long antennae (as shown at right), a curved ovipositor, yellow-orange (sometimes almost red) eyes, and a wide, dark stripe that runs down the center of her head and continues onto her thorax.
Photographed and identified as a katydid by: Jon Billingsley Jr. Identified to genus by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Gallant, Alabama, USA. Date: 17 September, 2018.
Jon says, “It was on my vehicle as I went to get in.”
Black-Legged Meadow Katydid, Orchelimum nigripes
Black-legged meadow katydid, female, Orchelimum nigripes, subfamily Conocephalinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The black-legged meadow katydid does indeed have noticeably black legs (the tibia and part of the femur), along with an orange-tinged yellow head. It is found primarily in central United States all the way from the Gulf of Mexico to central Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota, where this one was photographed.
□ Its call is has a bit of a stutter at the beginning. Listen to it by clicking on the sonogram here.
Photographed and identified to genus by: Kim Mooney. Great job on the ID, Kim! Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Clearwater, Minnesota, USA. Date: 18 September, 2019.
Kim says, “I am always on this website, but never added a photo before.” KnowYourInsects.org says, “We’re glad you joined the fun, Kim!”
Conehead katydid (Tettigoniidae)
Conehead katydid, subfamily Conocephalinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This is a beautiful photo of this katydid nymph. Zoom in to see the amazing detail, including the speckles. Many katydid nymphs are speckled, similar to this one.
Photographed and identified to family by Antonio Pullano, professional photographer, LovinLife Multimedia. Location: coast of Newport Beach in southern California, USA. Date: 12 July, 2017.
Antonio says, “It was sitting super still on my balcony, noticed its awesome facial features, took the time to create a full production image using a tripod, marco lens, strobe light & reflector.”
Black-legged Meadow Katydid (Orchelimum nigripes)
Black-legged meadow katydid, Orchelimum nigripes, subfamily Conocephalinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The black-legged meadow katydid looks quite similar to the closely related red-headed meadow katydid (Orchelimum erythrocephalum): Both have reddish/pinkish heads, but only the black-legged meadow katydid has such clearly black legs.
Photographed by: Marianne Dorais. Identified to order by: Marianne Dorais and her friends. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Michigan, USA. Date: 30 August, 2019.
Marianne says she “found this little beauty on the screen door of my home.” She adds, “I’m excited to have contributed something to your site!” KnowYourInsects.org says, “And we are excited to have you on board!”
Conehead katydid (Connocephalini)
Conehead katydid, female nymph, in the tribe Conocephalini, subfamily Conocephalinae, family Tettigoniidae (the katydids).
□ The photographer spotted this nymph of a cone-headed katydid on a canna lily (Canna spp.) plant.
Photographed and identified to subfamily by: Janet Smith. Identified to tribe by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Chattanooga, Tennessee, USA. Date: 20 September, 2020.
Central Texas Leaf Katydid/Red Katydid/Truncated True Katydid (Paracyrtophyllus robustus)
Red katydid, also known as Central Texas leaf katydid or truncated true katydid, nymph, Paracyrtophyllus robustus, subfamily Pseudophyllinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This nymph of the red katydid has quite a range of colors highlighted by those red wing buds. See the comment below.
Photographed and identified by: Robert E. Carpenter. See Robert’s slow-motion insect videos here. Location: Junction, Texas, USA. Date: 4 June, 2016.
Robert says, “Isn’t he pretty. My grandson and I were birdwatching at the South Llano River State Park in Junction when he called to me, ‘Grandpa, you won’t believe this!’”
Central Texas Leaf Katydid/Red Katydid/Truncated True Katydid (Paracyrtophyllus robustus)
Red katydid, also known as Central Texas leaf katydid or truncated true katydid, female, Paracyrtophyllus robustus, subfamily Pseudophyllinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The red katydid can actually be either red or green, but both have the same body shape, including the rounded wings. To see a red adult, click here (Bugguide.net). An alternate common name is truncated true katydid, which refers to the wings, which are more rounded and shorter than those of many katydid species.
□ This photo shows the female’s ovipositor, as well as the mouthparts, especially the four finger-like palps at the mouth. The pair on top are the maxillary palps (attached to the maxilla, or upper jaw) and the lower pair are the labial palps (attached tot he labium or lower lip). The katydid uses the palps to manipulate food items and to taste them.
Photographed and identified by: Melissa Hawthorn. Location: Bettendorf, Iowa, USA. Date: 17 August, 2020.
Katydid (Haemodiasma spp.)
Moss mimic katydid, female, in the genus Haemodiasma, subfamily Pseudophyllinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ When the moss mimic katydid is still and resting on a brown and gray leaf, its color and pattern provide excellent camouflage.
Photographed by: Troy Greer. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Mexico. Date: 27 October, 2018.
Troy says, “Saw this on my haleconia leaf today. Measured about 4.5 inches long. We live on the coast about 2.5 hrs south of Puerto Vallarta, Mexico.”
Common True Katydid (Pterophylla camellifolia)
Common true katydid, sometimes called a northern katydid or rough-winged katydid, female, Pterophylla camellifolia, subfamily Pseudophyllinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The common true katydid was found in San Antonio, Texas, which is just a bit outside of its normal range (see the comment below). As seen very nicely in this photo, its forewings (tegmina) are criss-crossed with noticeable veins, so it really does look like a leaf — great camouflage!
Photographed and identified to family by: Bob Vietas. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: San Antonio, Texas, USA. Date: 31 May, 2020.
Bob says, “We just had a lot of rain this past week in the San Antonio area, which may explain why this cool katydid was found outside of its normal habitat.&rdqo;
Common True Katydid (Pterophylla camellifolia)
Common true katydid, sometimes called a northern katydid or rough-winged katydid, male, Pterophylla camellifolia, subfamily Pseudophyllinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The “song” of the male common true katydid — and other male katydids — is a pattern of short buzzy notes that produced by rubbing a stiff portion (called a scraper) of its lower wing against a row of serrated teeth (called a file) on its upper wing. This manner of noisemaking is called stridulation. To hear the sound made by this katydid and a few others, click here. Photographed by: Henry Neimark. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Massachusetts, USA. Date: 1 August, 2012.
Henry describes it as an “amazing leaf-mimicking insect.”
Common True Katydid (Pterophylla camellifolia)
Common true katydid, sometimes called a northern katydid or rough-winged katydid, male, Pterophylla camellifolia, subfamily Pseudophyllinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The common true katydid often hangs out in the treetops, so it usually goes unseen. The photographer found this one “in greenery we cut for a wedding.” Grasshoppers are considered good luck by many cultures, so maybe this katydid also portends happy times for the newly wedded couple!
Photographed and identified to family by: Connie Taylor. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA. Date: 5 July, 2018.
Connie says, “His face is fierce!”
Common True Katydid (Pterophylla camellifolia)
Common true katydid, sometimes called a northern katydid or rough-winged katydid, male, Pterophylla camellifolia, subfamily Pseudophyllinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The male common true katydid has a brown, crinkly-looking, triangular patch known as a saddle on his back, as seen here. Females lack the patch.
Photographed by: Henry Neimark. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Massachusetts, USA. Date: 1 August, 2012.
Katydid (Sathrophyllia spp.)
Katydid in the genus Sathrophyllia, subfamily Pseudophyllinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The amazingly cryptic Sathrophyllia katydid rests in this unusual pose: forelegs held forward, middle legs out to the sides, and hind legs hidden beneath its wings. To get a better view of the head, see the next photo.
Photographed by: K J Westman. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Nitulemada, Digana, Kandy, Sri Lanka. Date: 29 June, 2018.
Katydid (Sathrophyllia spp.)
Katydid in the genus Sathrophyllia, subfamily Pseudophyllinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ Look closely to see the eyes of this Sathrophyllia katydid. Its head it tilted down, so its mouthparts are not visible. Note also the prominent knob on its thorax.
Photographed by: K J Westman. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Nitulemada, Digana, Kandy, Sri Lanka. Date: 26 June, 2018.
Katydid (Zabalius aridus)
Pseudophyllin katydid (no common name), Zabalius aridus, subfamily Pseudophyllinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This pseudophyllin katydid was found in a mango orchard, not far from Botswana’s capital city of Gaborone. With its green, leaf-like wings, this katydid can easily hide among tree leaves. The veins of the wings even mimic the veins of a plant leaf.
Photographed by: Farouk Pandor. Identified by: Professor Mike Picker of the University of Capetown. Location: Lobatswe, Botswana, Africa. Date: 16 November, 2017.
Professor Picker notes that the university has published a new app that features approximately 1,700 species of insects from South Africa. KnowYourInsects.org says, “Thank you, Professor Picker for the identification of this katydid and for the information about the app!”
Bush Katydid (Parasanaa donovani)
Bush katydid, Parasanaa donovani, subfamily Pseudophyllinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This bush katydid is stunning with the green to yellow checkers on its forewings (called tegmina) and on the shield covering its thorax.
Photographed by: Surani Pratik. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Navsari, Gujarat, India. Date: 28 September, 2018.
Bush Katydid (Parasanaa donovani)
Bush katydid, Parasanaa donovani, subfamily Pseudophyllinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ A scientific article, written back in 1927 and appropriately titled “The Liquid-Squirting Habit of Oriental Grasshoppers,” describes how this species of bush katydid can shoot a stream of yellow slime a full 4 inches (10 cm). The stream comes from two ports on its mesothorax, and it appears to have the ability to shoot from one port at a time. Assumedly, the slime is either distasteful to or simply scares off a potential predator.
Photographed by: Ram Baipureddy. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: not reported. Date: 21 July, 2020.
Blue-legged Sylvan Katydid (Zabalius ophthalmicus)
Blue-legged sylvan katydid in the genus Zabalius, quite possibly a blue-legged sylvan katydid, Zabalius ophthalmicus, subfamily Pseudophyllinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ The blue-legged sylvan katydid has blue femora (the “thighs” on its hind legs), one of which is clearly seen in the photo at right. A close look reveals little pointy bumps on its pronotum (the shield covering its thorax), which is another feature of this species.
Photographed by: Muthoni Wambui. Identified to genus and tentative species by: Pedro M. Pereyra. Thank you for the identification, Pedro! Location: Chaka, Kenya, Africa. Date: 27 June, 2020.
Muthoni found this katydid “at my workplace in a small town called Chaka.”
Leaf-Mimic Katydid (Phyllomimus spp.)
Leaf-mimic katydid in the genus Phyllomimus, subfamily Pseudophyllinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ This leaf-mimic katydid is so leaf-like that it is almost surprising that the photographer spotted it. Even the veining is a near-perfect match for a leaf.
□ It is sitting in a typical pose with its forelegs stretched out front, straddling its long, thin, tan-colored antennae.
Photographed by: Shiva.Ch. Submitted by: Suma S. Identified to genus by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Bangalore,India. Date: 22 July, 2020.
Sylvan Katydid (Pseudophyllinae)
Leaf-mimic sylvan katydid in the subfamily Pseudophyllinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ When this leaf-mimic sylvan katydid stays still on a branch, it is nearly indistinguishable from a leaf.
Photographed by: Kislay Kunar. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: northern India. Date: 25 September, 2020.
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Katydid (Nesonotus spp.)
Katydid in the genus Nesonotus, subfamily Pseudophyllinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ About a half dozen species of katydids in the genus Nesonotus live in the Caribbean islands of Grenada, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Dominica and St. Barths, according to research scientist Daniel Perez-Gelabert, who identified this specimen to the genus level. He said he is not sure if it has ever been reported from Montserrat, where this individual was found. Montserrat is a small, approximately 10-mile-long and 7-mile-wide island north of Guadeloupe.
□ The photographer estimated the length of its antennae as 3-4 inches (7.6-10.2 cm) long.
Photographed and identified to order by: Lorna Proulx. Identified to genus by: Daniel Perez-Gelabert of the Smithsonian Institution’s Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) and the Department of Entomology. Thank you, Dr. Perex-Gelabert! Location: Montserrat. Date: 24 March, 2021. Lorna says, “It backed up from me when I stopped to take its picture.“ She adds, “While we have a variety of insects (on Montserrat), I have never seen this one before.”
Forest Katydid (Nesonotus denticulatus)
Forest katydid, Nesonotus denticulatus, in the subfamily Pseudophyllinae, family Tettigoniidae.
□ Despite its rather large size (7-8 cm or nearly 3 inches long), the forest katydid is rarely seen. In fact, most people spot it at night, and usually only when they shine a flashlight in the trees and notice its eyes glowing back at them. During the day, it hides in the spaces between bark. Little else is known about it.
□ The forest katydid is native to the Caribbean.
Photographed by: Anselm Gittens. Submitted and identified to order by: Bev Beasley. Identified to genus by: KnowYourInsects.org. Identified to species by: Ron Andrew. (A group effort!) Location: Bois D'Orange, St Lucia, the West Indies. Date: 5 October, 2020.
Katydid (Enyaliopsis transvaalensis)
Armoured ground cricket, also known as a Corn Cricket, in the genus Enyaliopsis, possibly Enyaliopsis transvaalensis, subfamily Hetrodinae, family Tettigoniidae.
Armoured ground crickets have assorted spikes on the thorax. Also known as Corn Crickets, they can reach 5 cm (2 inches) long.
Photographed and identified to genus by: Hélène Lord. Identified to tentative species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Greater Kruger Park, South Africa. Date: 28 January, 2020.
Hélène found this cricket in her shoe while visiting South Africa from her home in Canada. She then put this large critter on the pavement for a second photo. Nicely done!

Prophalangopsidae, the hump-winged crickets

Great Grig or Monster Haglid (Cyphoderris monstrosa)
Great grig, also known as a monster haglid, female, Cyphoderris monstrosa, family Prophalangopsidae.
□ The great grig is rarely seen. With its gray to blue-steel gray color, this inch-long (2.5 cm) looks as if it is encased in armor. Note: This primitive family of insects — Prophalangopsidae — was formerly known as Haglidae, which explains this species’ alternate common name: monster haglid.
□ This close-up thorax provides a good look at the very small wing buds (they look like small white flaps) in the female of the species. The male’s wings are larger. Both the male and female have cerci, which are the little, white, stick-like structures poking from the rear end of the insect. The male also has a separate curved structure between the cerci (photo here [bugguide.net]).
Photographed by: Angie Merges. Submitted by: Ryan King. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Crater Lake National Park, Oregon, USA. Date: 13 August, 2019.
Ryan says, “I’ve spent a good amount of time trying to identify it. The best I can guess is that it is some sort of shield-backed katydid, looks similar to a Mormon cricket.” KnowYourInsects.org says, “Excellent eye, Ryan! Great Grigs are rare, so it is no surprise it was difficult to identify!”
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Gryllotalpidae, the mole crickets

Mole cricket (Gryllotalpa spp.)
Mole cricket in the genus Gryllotalpa, family Gryllotalpidae.
□ Like other mole crickets, this one has some powerful digging legs in front! Notice also the heavy armored of the thorax, giving this mole cricket the look of a crayfish.
Photographed by: Dexter "Alex" Ponomarenko (Александр Пономаренко). Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Makarov, Kiev Oblast, Ukraine. Date: 15 April, 2014.
Mole cricket (Gryllotalpa spp.)
Mole cricket in the genus Gryllotalpa, family Gryllotalpidae.
Photographed by: Amit S. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Pune, Maharashtra, India. Date: 14 November, 2020.
Mole Cricket (tent. Gryllotalpa stepposa)
Mole cricket, possibly Gryllotalpa stepposa, family Gryllotalpidae.
□ This mole cricket was photographed in Turkey, where several species of this family live.
Photographed by: Abidin Ada. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Ankara, Turkey. Date: 6 June, 2020.
Abidin says, “I couldn’t get close shot because of the fact I was scared of it.” KnowYourInsects.org says, “They are odd-looking creatures!”
Mole cricket (Gryllotalpa spp.)
Mole cricket in the genus Gryllotalpa, family Gryllotalpidae.
□ The photographer found this mole cricket under a rock in the Sierra Nevada mountains at a altitude of 1200 meters (nearly 4,000 feet).
Photographed by: Angela Blickle. Identified to genus by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Sierra Nevada mountains, Spain. Date: circa 2008.
Mole cricket (Gryllotalpa spp.)
Mole cricket in the genus Gryllotalpa, family Gryllotalpidae.
□ According to mole cricket expert Roy Kleukers of the Naturalis Biodiversity Center in Leiden, Netherlands, “It is very difficult to identify Gryllotalpa species from Italy. Several species have been described based on the number of chromosomes, without clear morphological characters.”
Photographed by: Umberto Prisco. Identified to genus by: Roy Kleukers. Location: Napoli, Italy. Date: 28 January, 2018.
Mole cricket (Gryllotalpa spp.)
Mole cricket in the genus Gryllotalpa, family Gryllotalpidae.
□ Most people never see a mole cricket, because they are usually underground, beneath rocks, or in other hidden locations.
Photographed by: Justin Landrum. Identified to genus by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Indiana, USA. Date: 17 July, 2018. says, “Never seen this bug around in 40 years.” He added, “creepy-looking insect”!
Short-Winged Mole Cricket (Neoscapteriscus abbreviatus)
Short-winged mole cricket, Neoscapteriscus abbreviatus, family Gryllotalpidae.
□ This short-winged mole cricket measures about 1.5 inches long (3.8 cm).
Photographed by: Casey Brechtel. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Galveston Island, Texas, USA. Date: 25 August, 2017.
Casey says, “ These came out (just showed up) right before (hurricane) Harvey hit. I have never seen any before and lived in Galveston for 20 years. Pic is on my jacket sleeve.”
Tawny Mole Cricket (Neoscapteriscus vicinus)
Mole cricket, possibly Tawny Mole Cricket, Neoscapteriscus vicinus, family Gryllotalpidae.
□ This is one of three species of mole crickets that were inadvertantly introduced to Florida (where this photo was taken) back at the turn of the last century (1900). More information about the three species is available by clicking here.
Photographed and identified by: Stacey Hamlin. Location: Jacksonville, Florida, USA. Date: 21 April, 2020.
Tawny Mole Cricket (Neoscapteriscus vicinus)
Mole cricket, possibly Tawny Mole Cricket, Neoscapteriscus vicinus, family Gryllotalpidae.
Photographed by Anita Willman. Identified by KnowYourInsects.org. Location: north of Houston, Texas, USA. Date: 6 Feburary, 2017.
After seeing the other mole crickets posted on this page, Anita says, “Was actually cool to see different kinds of mole crickets. Mine is the prettiest!” KnowYourInsects.org says, “Spoken like a true insect-lover!”
Tawny Mole Cricket (Neoscapteriscus vicinus)
Mole Cricket, possibly Tawny Mole Cricket, Neoscapteriscus vicinus, family Gryllotalpidae.
□ For details about how to distinguish similar species of North American mole crickets, click here. They’re tricky!
Photographed by: Sheldon L. Boyd. Identified by: Audrey Maran. Location: The Villages Florida, USA. Date: 1 March, 2017.
Northern Mole Cricket (Neocurtilla hexadactyla)
Northern mole cricket, Neocurtilla hexadactyla, family Gryllotalpidae.
□ Listen to the song of the northern mole cricket by clicking here.
Photographed by Scott Quintilliano. Identified by KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Muskegon County, Michigan, USA. Date: 30 May, 2017.
Scott says, “It is about 2–2.5 inches long and about a half-inch wide.”
Northern Mole Cricket (Neocurtilla hexadactyla)
Northern mole cricket, Neocurtilla hexadactyla, family Gryllotalpidae.
Northern mole crickets and other mole cricket species typically live in underground tunnels during the daylight hours, so few people see them.
Photographed by Pete Wildman. Identified by KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Port St. Lucie, Florida, USA. Date: 9 June, 2017.
Pete says, “What is this bug?? The stubby front legs made them seem mole-like. Any ideas?! I’m dying to know!” KnowYourInsects.org says, “We love Pete’s enthusiasm! And ‘mole’ is a perfect description.”
Mole cricket (Gryllotalpidae)
Mole cricket, family Gryllotalpidae.
Photographed by: Dr. Modikwe Aleck Raphala. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Spruitview in Ekurhuleni, Gauteng South Africa. Date: 11 October, 2016.
Dr. Raphala says, “I was sitting in my TV room watching TV when saw this funny and scary insect crawling on the floor.”

Rhaphidophoridae, the camel crickets, cave weta, cave crickets, and spider crickets

Camel cricket (Ceuthophilus spp.)
Camel cricket, female, in the genus Ceuthophilus, family Rhaphidophoridae.
Camel crickets are wingless and have large hind legs and very long antennae, along with a noticeably humped-back posture. They prefer damp locations. Females (like this one) have a spear-like ovipositor extending from the rear of the abdomen. She uses the ovipositor to lay eggs.
Photographed by: Daisy Rulz. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Mayville, Michigan, USA. Date: 23 September, 2017.
Camel Cricket (Ceuthophilus spp.)
Camel cricket in the genus Ceuthophilus, possibly California camel cricket Ceuthophilus californianus, family Rhaphidophoridae.
□ The California camel cricket overlaps in its distribution with the San Diego camel cricket (Ceuthophilus hesperus) in southern California, and the two are nearly indistinguishable. This one was photographed in central California, so it likely a California camel cricket. Photographed and identified as a camel cricket by: Thomas Langhans. See his full-size images here and here.Identified to genus by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: San Bruno, county of San Mateo, California, USA. Date: 6 August, 2019.
Camel Cricket (Ceuthophilus spp.)
Camel Cricket in the genus Ceuthophilus, family Rhaphidophoridae.
□ The photographer provided an excellent description of this camel cricket: “The body has light tan, tiny spots located within bands which transverse the body. The body also appears to be striped transversally (black and brown). The body is 3/4 inch long. This is the third one found in my basement.”
Photographed and identified to order by: Anonymous. Identified to genus by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Minnesota, USA. Date: 22 April, 2019.
Greenhouse Camel Cricket (Diestrammena asynamora)
Greenhouse camel cricket, Diestrammena asynamora, family Rhaphidophoridae.
□ Native to Asia, the greenhouse camel cricket moved to North America more than a century ago. It eats a variety of things, including clothing, outdoor plants, and greenhouse plants.
Photographed by: V.J. Carnes. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Indianapolis, Indiana, USA. Date: 22 April, 2019.
V.J. says, “The cat was chasing this across the floor tonight.”
Camel Cricket (Diestrammena asynamora)
Greenhouse Camel Crickets, Diestrammena asynamora, family Rhaphidophoridae.
□ This is a pair of greenhouse camel crickets: female on the left (with the curved ovipositor at her rear end) and male on the right. They have thin, almost hair-like, and stupendously long antennae, as can be seen in the female’ one of her antenna extends all the way to the bottom of the photo, about seven times the length of her body!
Photographed and identified to order by: Jose Chinea. Identified to genus by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Ridgefield New Jersey, USA. Date: 19 July, 2019.
Jose says, “I found these in a sprinkler pump room.” KnowYourInsects.org says, “These insects do indeed like dark, damp places.”
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Gryllidae, the true crickets

Two-spotted tree cricket (Neoxabea bipunctata)
Two-spotted tree cricket, female Neoxabea bipunctata, subfamily Oecanthinae, family Gryllidae.
□ As shown in this photo, female two-spotted tree crickets usually have two dark spots in the middle of the back. Males lack the dark spots.
Photographed and identified by: Charles Drummond. Location: Plymouth, Michigan, USA. Date: 18 September, 2015.
Two-spotted tree cricket (Neoxabea bipunctata)
Two-spotted tree cricket, female, Neoxabea bipunctata, subfamily Oecanthinae, family Gryllidae.
□ The two-spotted tree crickets usually stays hidden in thick vegetation, often well up in the trees, so most people never see them ... but they do hear the males singing! The song of the male sounds rather like a distant police whistle. To hear the song, click here (Songs of Insects).
Photographed and identified by: Andrea Frohm. Nice job, Andrea! Location: Burtchville, Michigan, USA. Date: 4 September, 2020.
Andrea says, “We have never seen one of these before!”
Two-spotted tree cricket (Neoxabea bipunctata)
Two-spotted tree cricket, male, Neoxabea bipunctata, subfamily Oecanthinae, family Gryllidae.
□ The male two-spotted tree cricket has round, knob-like structures running down the abdomen, which are visible beneath the see-through wings on this specimen. The photographer says he was about 2 inches long (5 cm). See the photographer’s comments below.
Photographed by Wanda Vanderveer. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Woodbury, New York, USA. Date: 16 August, 2018.
Wanda spotted this while working a part-time job on the New York State Thruway. She says, “My station has beautiful natural scenery around it, and that picture is taken of the window ledge of a toll booth.”
Two-spotted tree cricket (Neoxabea bipunctata)
Two-spotted tree cricket, female, Neoxabea bipunctata, subfamily Oecanthinae, family Gryllidae.
□ During mating, the male two-spotted tree cricket provides a “gift” to the female (the female is shown here). The gift is in the form of a tasty secretion from a gland, called the metanotal gland (sometimes known as Hancock’s gland), that is located near the rear of his thorax. This is part of a rather complex mating ritual that is common to this and other tree cricket species.
Photographed by: Michelle Von Sutphen. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Albany, New York, USA. Date: 10 October, 2020.
Wanda spotted this while working a part-time job on the New York State Thruway. She says, “My station has beautiful natural scenery around it, and that picture is taken of the window ledge of a toll booth.”
Tree cricket (Oecanthus spp.)
Tree cricket in the genus Oecanthus, subfamily Oecanthinae, family Gryllidae.
Tree crickets in this subfamily typically have colors that camouflage them well against the trees where they usually live.
Photographed by Abhiroop Singh Gill. Identified by KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Amritsar, India. Date: 18 December, 2016.
Broad-winged Tree Cricket (Oecanthus celerinictus)
Fast-calling tree cricket, Oecanthus celerinictus, subfamily Oecanthinae, family Gryllidae.
□ Several species of fast-calling tree cricket look quite similar. This is tentatively described as fast-calling tree cricket, and to hear its call, click here. Other similar-looking species include the broad-winged tree cricket (Oecanthus latipennis) that has a touch of brown or red on the top of its head, and four-spotted tree cricket (Oecanthus quadripunctatus) that has small black markings on the underside of its antennae.
Photographed by: Amber Swably. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Indiana, USA. Date: 23 September, 2017.
Snowy tree cricket (Oecanthus fultoni)
Snowy tree cricket, Oecanthus fultoni, subfamily Oecanthinae, family Gryllidae.
□ The snowy tree cricket is sometimes called a thermometer cricket, because its chirp rate slows as the temperature cools and speeds up as the temperature rises. To estimate outdoor temperature in degrees Fahrenheit, count the number of chirps in 15 seconds and add 40. (To convert Fahrenheit to Celsius, subtract 32 and multiply by 5/9). Photographed by Amy Williams. Identified by KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Polson, Montana, USA. Date: 7 September, 2016.
Ms. Williams teaches at Polson Middle School in Montana, and took this photo during 7th period in the school garden. She says, “It is funny that just a few days before we spotted this fabulous creature, we were talking about how some crickets can tell you the temperature if you learn the formula, but we couldn’t find any crickets to test this theory.”
Narrow-Winged Tree Cricket (Oecanthus niveus)
Tree cricket, possibly a narrow-winged tree cricket, Oecanthus niveus, osubfamily Oecanthinae, family Gryllidae.
□ Tree crickets in the Oecanthus genus are often distinguished by the small markings at the base of the antennae. The narrow-winged tree cricket has two markings: one at the base that has a bit of a hook so it looks like a “J” and a second above it that is a short, straight mark.
□ Another way to tell tree crickets apart is by their songs. The narrow-winged tree cricket has a long trill.
Photographed by: Rachel Scown. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Granville, Ohio, USA. Date: 5 November, 2020.
Tree cricket (Oecanthus spp.)
Juvenile tree cricket, possibly a tamarack tree cricket, Oecanthus laricis, or a pine tree cricket, Oecanthus pini, subfamily Oecanthinae, family Gryllidae.
Tree cricket juveniles have wings that are shorter than the adult — not just the forewings that can be seen in this photo, but also the hind wings hidden beneath. When it becomes an adult, the both pairs wings of wings will be fully developed ... and the hind wings, called the flight wings, will be ready for use.
Photographed by: Paula Spolarich. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Brady’s Run Park in Beaver County, Pennsylvania, USA. Date: 24 September, 2016.
Tree cricket (Oecanthus spp.)
Tree cricket in the genus Oecanthus, subfamily Oecanthinae, family Gryllidae.
Tree crickets in the genus Oecanthus have very long antennae, as seen here.
Photographed and identified to orderby: Maggie Merriman. Identified to genus by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Georgia, USA. Date: 28 August, 2020.
Maggie says, “Haven’t seen this kind before and I have lived in rural Georgia for 58 years!”
Lusitanian Spade Cricket (Sciobia lusitanica)
Lusitanian spade cricket, sometimes called a visor cricket or helmet cricket, Sciobia lusitanica, subfamily Gryllinae, family Gryllidae.
□ The Lusitanian spade cricket has two long cerci (the “tails”), and most notably, a wide flap, called a cephalic extension, on its head. The adult male, seen in the two photos at right, has a large cephalic extension that is curved downward; a black body with short, white tegmina (the small wings); and long antennae. The female and immature male (the photos at left are an immature male) are brown; have a smaller cephalic extension (see the photographer’s comment below); and have smaller tegmina that may not even be visible. To tell the female from the immature male, look for a straight ovipositor extending from between the cerci — the ovipositor looks much like the cerci. The adult female’s antennae are only about half as long as the adult male’s.
□ Little research has been done on this cricket. These crickets are nocturnal, and are usually only found during the day when a rock is flipped over. Overall length of the crickets is 1.5-2.5 cm long.
Photographed and identified by: Melanie Pritchard. Location: Lousã, Portugal. Date (immature male): 3 April, 2021. Date (adult male): 24 May, 2021.
Melanie says this species is endemic to Portugal. She adds, “It has an odd cephalic extension, the purpose of which appears to be unknown!”
Two-Spotted Cricket (Gryllus bimaculatus)
Two-spotted cricket, sometimes called an African field cricket or a Mediterranean field cricket, Gryllus bimaculatus, subfamily Gryllinae, family Gryllidae.
□ The two-spotted cricket’s species name of bimaculatus translates to “two spots” and refers to the two tan spots behind the head. Its numbers can get quite high sometimes (see the photographer’s comment below).
Photographed by: Deborah Wilson. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Kuwait. Date: 6 June, 2019.
Deborah says, “There are lots of them around in Kuwait at the moment.”
Black Field Cricket (Gryllus spp.)
Black field cricket in the genus Gryllus, female, subfamily Gryllinae, family Gryllidae.
□ This black field cricket is a female, as seen by the presence of the long, stick-like ovipositor protruding from the end of her abdomen. The two other smaller structures on either side of the ovipositor are cerci. Male crickets have the two cerci, but not the ovipositor.
Photographed by: Judy Wilson. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Unknown. Date: 14 September, 2019.
Judy says, “Around 2 p.m. I found him on my carpet in the living room moving into the bright sunlight coming into the patio window.”
Field Cricket (Gryllus spp.)
Field cricket, female, in the genus Gryllus, possibly a sand field cricket (Gryllus firmus), family Gryllinae, family Gryllidae.
Sand field crickets live in areas with sandy soils. This species is known to hybridize with a closely related species known as the fall field cricket (Gryllus pennsylvanicus) in areas where the two species overlap, so their young may have parents of two different species. The sand field cricket lives mainly in the southeastern U.S., but extends up along the Atlantic coast to about New Jersey. The fall field cricket lives in the U.S. and southern Canada, but mainly outside of the range of the sand field cricket, but it does reach into New Jersey, which is where this photo was taken.
Photographed by: Ahuva Over. Identified to genus and tentative species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Clifton, New Jersey, USA. Date: 2020.
Field Cricket (Gryllus spp.)
Field cricket in the genus Gryllus, possibly the southeastern field cricket (Gryllus rubens), family Gryllinae, family Gryllidae.
□ Several similar-looking field crickets occur where this one was photographed (in the southeastern United States). To learn how to distinguish them, click here.
Photographed and identified to family by: Marv Goldberg. Identified to genus and tentative species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Tamarac, Florida, USA. Date: 31 May, 2019.
Handsome Trig (Phyllopalpus pulchellus)
Handsome trig, nymph, Phyllopalpus pulchellus, subfamily Trigonidiinae, family Gryllidae.
□ The greenish-yellow hind legs are helpful clues in identifying this nymph of a handsome trig. When it becomes an adult, its head and thorax will be a deep red and its wings will be dark-brown. You can see the adult at rest by clicking here and with its wings splayed while singing at by clicking here.
□ Listen to it singing by clicking here.
Photographed and identified to family by: Tori Thompson. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Michigan, USA. Date: 2 August, 2020.
Handsome Trig (Phyllopalpus pulchellus)
Handsome trig, female nymph, Phyllopalpus pulchellus, subfamily Trigonidiinae, family Gryllidae.
□ When this handsome trig becomes an adult, it is known as a red-headed bush cricket instead.
Photographed and identified to family by: Tammy Henery. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: central Ohio, USA. Date: 22 July, 2020.
Sword-tailed Cricket (Nanixipha nahoa)
Sword-tailed cricket, female, Nanixipha nahoa, subfamily Trigonidiinae, family Gryllidae.
□ Decked out in pinstripes, this sword-tailed cricket is quite a handsome insect. Its species name of Nanixipha nahoa combines Hawaiian and Latin words: nani and nahoa are Hawaiian for beautiful and bold, respectively; and xipha is Latin for sword-shaped, so the species name translates to beautiful and bold sword-tailed cricket.
Photographed and identified to family by: Christian Moratin. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: botanical garden in Kaneohe, Hawaii, USA. Date: 23 March, 2021.
Gryllid cricket (Tarbinskiellus terrificus)
Cricket (no common name), Tarbinskiellus terrificus, subfamily Gryllinae, family Gryllidae.
□ With the wonderful orange and red coloration in this Tarbinskiellus terrificus, the species name of terrificus is well-suited!
Photographed and identified by: Dr. Kailash Chandra and Sunil Kumar Gupta, Zoological Survey of India. Location: Udanti Wildlife Sanctuary, Gariyaband district, Chhattisgarh, India. Date: 28 June, 2014.
Katydid (Tettigoniidae)
Unknown.
□ KnowYourInsects.org is unable to identify this species from this photograph.
Photographed by: Senrita Raksam Marak. Location: William Nagar, Meghalaya, India. Date: 25 June, 2019.
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Gryllacrididae, the raspy crickets

Raspy cricket (family Gryllacrididae)
Raspy cricket in the family Gryllacrididae.
Raspy crickets walk, but they do not jump. The photographer described this one as being “as long as a man’s hand.”
Photographed by: Anonymous. Identified to family by: entomologist and taxonomist Christopher Taylor. Thank you, Christopher! Location: Queensland, Australia. Date: 4 May, 2020.
The photographer found it in his shed.
Raspy cricket (Pareremus spp.)
Raspy Cricket, female, in the genus Pareremus, family Gryllacrididae.
Raspy crickets in this genus (Pareremus) are wingless, burrow-living insects. This Raspy Cricket has a long and stiff ovipositor (egg-laying structure), so it is a female.
Photographed and identified to order by: Hayley Jordison. Location: Whyalla, South Australia. Date: 27 February, 2019.
Hayley says, “We almost thought it was a wasp or hornet until (with) a closer look, we realised it was an ovipositor.”
Striped Raspy Cricket (Paragryllacris combusta)
Striped raspy cricket, female, Paragryllacris combusta, subfamily Hyperbaeninae, family Gryllacrididae.
Striped raspy crickets, sometimes simply called tree crickets in their home counry of Australia, stay out of sight during the day, and become active at night (see the comment below). The song is a series of raspy, high-pitched, short buzzes.
Photographed and identified to order by: Carolyn Noake. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Moruya, southeast coast, New South Wales, Australia. Date 11 March, 2021.
Caroline says, “There must be rather a lot of them as they are drowning out the frogs croaking at night. You’ve got to love nature, mind you we are working very hard to create, but also allow, natural habitats to develop on our property here.”

Pyrgomorphidae, the gaudy grasshoppers

Short-horned gaudy grasshopper (Neorthacris simulans)
Short-horned gaudy grasshopper Neorthacris simulans, family Pyrgomorphidae.
□ Unlike most other adult grasshoppers, this adult short-horned gaudy grasshopper and others in this family are wingless.
Photographed by Ajay Antony. Identified by KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Tamil Nadu, India. Date: 12 May, 2017.
Short-horned gaudy grasshopper (Neorthacris simulans)
Short-horned gaudy grasshopper, Neorthacris simulans, family Pyrgomorphidae.
□ The short-horned gaudy grasshopper has a white-spattered, black stripe that runs from its head to the beginning of its abdomen, with a few small splashes of red along the sides, and bright green legs.
Photographed and identified as a gaudy grasshopper by: Kalai Selvan. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Singiri koil, Vellore, India. Date: 5 June, 2020.
Pyrgomorphid grasshopper (Aularches miliaris miliaris)
Pyrgomorphid grasshopper (no common name), male, Aularches miliaris miliaris, family Pyrgomorphidae.
□ The yellow spots are quite noticeable against the dark brown of the wings in this pyrgomorphid grasshopper.
□ Note the ornate (tuberculate) thorax in the close-up photo, along with the blue-green color of the head and the slender white striping on the antennae.
Photographed and identified by: Dr. Kailash Chandra and Sunil Kumar Gupta, Zoological Survey of India. Location: Udanti Wildlife Sanctuary, Gariyaband district, Chhattisgarh, India. Date: 27 October, 2012.
Ak Grasshopper (Poekilocerus pictus)
Ak grasshopper, adult and nymphs, Poekilocerus pictus, family Pyrgomorphidae.
□ At least a dozen ak grasshoppers — mainly nymphs — are crowding on this stem. If a predator (per person) picks up a nymph, it will defend itself by squirting a stream of liquid.
Photographed and identified by: Dr. Kailash Chandra and Sunil Kumar Gupta, Zoological Survey of India. Location: Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary, Dhamtari District, Chhattisgarh, India. Date: 19 June, 2012.
Ak Grasshopper (Poekilocerus pictus)
Ak grasshopper, adult, Poekilocerus pictus, family Pyrgomorphidae.
Photographed by: Devendra Solanki. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Khargone, Madhya, Pradesh, India. Date: 24 September, 2017.
Ak Grasshopper (Poekilocerus pictus)
Ak Grasshopper, adult (top) and nymph (bottom), Poekilocerus pictus, family Pyrgomorphidae.
□ These photos show off the amazing color and detail of the Ak Grasshopper adult and nymph!
Photographed and identified by: Dr. Kailash Chandra and Sunil Kumar Gupta, Zoological Survey of India. Location: Chhattisgarh, India. Date: 22 July, 2012.
Usher-Hoppers (Poekilocerus bufonius)
Usher-Hoppers, mating pair, Poekilocerus bufonius, family Pyrgomorphidae.
□ This is a mating pair of dark purple Usher-Hoppers: the much smaller male is on the female’s back near one of her hind legs. This grasshopper eats milkweed plants, which contains a chemical that is toxic to its predators, and then secretes a that chemical in a yellow liquid. It is a good defensive tactic!
Photographed by: Nura Al-Shammari. Location: outside of Hail, near Yemen, Saudi Arabia. Date: 19 August, 2020.
Pyrgomorphid Grasshopper (Neorthacris or Orthacris)
Pyrgomorphid grasshopper in the genus Neorthacris or Orthacris, family Pyrgomorphidae.
□ This pyrgomorphid grasshopper is either a member of the genus Neorthacris or Orthacris, which are very similar. In fact, insects in Neorthacris were once included in the genus Orthacris. Usually scientists will tell them apart based examination of on the shape of male reproductive structures: Neorthacris are more whip-like, wheras Orthacris are short.
Photographed and identified by: Chinmay Chaitanya Maliye. Location: Banglore, India. Date: 9 August, 2019.
Gaudy Grasshopper (Pyrgomorpha conica)
Gaudy Grasshopper, possibly Pyrgomorpha conica, family Pyrgomorphidae.
□ This Gaudy Grasshopper has a very long and conical head. Another unusual feature is the antennae, which the grasshopper typically holds straight forward.
Photographed by: Devendra Solanki. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Khargone, Madhya, Pradesh, India. Date: 28 September, 2017.
Leprous Grasshoppers (Phymateus leprosus)
Leprous Grasshoppers, also known as Bush Grasshoppers, Bushhoppers or Milkweed Locusts, Phymateus leprosus, family Pyrgomorphidae.
□ These photos show both color morphs of the Leprous Grasshopper: red/brown and green. A close-up shows the characteristic pair of big lumps and assorted smaller bumps on the pronotum (the shield covering the thorax). The Leprous Grasshopper goes through 10 instars as a nymph (pre-adult), and in the earliest instars, the nymphs of both color morphs are brown, later becoming either red/brown or green adults, according to identity verifier Günter Köhler, who has studied this species.
Photographed and identified by: Jill Dunstone. The brown one submitted by: Felicity Preece. Identity of both specimens verified by: Günter Köhler of Friedrich Schiller University. Location: near Dargle, KZN Midlands, South Africa. Date: 30 April, 2020. Felicity knew of the green morph of the Leprous Grasshopper and identified it as such, but had never seen the red morph so was unsure of its identity. KnowYourInsects.org thanks Felicity for spotting and photographing both color morphs!
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Tetrigidae, the groundhoppers

Groundhopper (Tetrigidae)
Groundhopper, family Tetrigidae.
□ Even though this groundhopper is quite small, it has full wings, so it is an adult. Most species in this family are less than 1 inch (2.5 cm) long, and are often called pygmy grasshoppers. So far, KnowYourInsects.org hasn’t been able to identify it beyond family level.
Photographed and identified to order by: Maharshi Nilesh Patel. Identified to family by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: outskirts of Vansda National Park, Vansda tehsil, Navsari District of Gujarat State, India. Date: 26 August, 2019.
Maharshi says, “It was really tiny.”
Pygmy Grasshopper (Paratettix spp. or Euparatettix spp.)
Pygmy Grasshopper in the genus Paratettix or Euparatettix, subfamily Tetriginae, family Tetrigidae.
□ This tiny pygmy grasshopper (see the photographer’s comment below) has a rather rough surface with a comparatively light-colored pronotum (the shield covering the thorax).
Photographed and identified to order by: Melissa Cervantes. Identified to genus by: Ming Kai Tan of the National University of Singapore. Thank you, Dr. Tan! Location: Central Luzon, Philippines. Date: 15 September, 2020.
Melissa found it in her front yard. She says, “It’ss quite small. Like a quarter of an inch (6-7 mm). Just a bit bigger than a fly.”
Pygmy grasshopper (Tetrigidae)
Pygmy grasshopper, subfamily Tetriginae, family Tetrigidae.
□ This pygmy grasshopper was about 0.5 inches (1.25 cm) long, was found in Florida, which is home to 13 species of pygmy grasshoppers. This specimen could possibly be a Mexican pygmy grasshopper (Paratettix mexicanus), which has a dark mottled pattern.
Photographed and identified to order by: Anonymous. Identified to potential species by: KnowYourInsects.org Location: Naples, Florida Date: 17 June, 2020.
The photographer reports that this is one of many that were on her porch.

Eumastacidae, the monkey or matchstick grasshoppers

Matchstick Grasshopper, Callitala major
Matchstick grasshopper, possibly a green-legged matchstick grasshopper, Callitala major, subfamily Morabinae, family Tetrigidae.
□ The matchstick grasshoppers are long and thin, and often sit with the hind legs splayed to the side, as seen here. This appears to be a green-legged matchstick grasshopper, which has a tan body and orangish-tan antennae. Its common name comes from its legs, each of which has a green femur and pinkish-red tibia.
Photographed by: Richard Rankin. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Townsville, northeastern Queensland, Australia. Date: 5 April, 2021.
Maharshi says, “It was really tiny.”
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Romaleidae, the lubber grasshoppers

Horse Lubber Grasshopper (Taeniopoda spp.)
Horse lubber grasshopper, in the genus Taeniopoda, family Romaleidae.
□ This nymph of a horse lubber grasshopper has short, nonfunctional wings tucked just behind its orange-outlined and rather shield-like thorax. Reddish-orange also highlights parts of its head, abdomen and legs.
Photographed and identified to order by: Marlene. Identified to genus by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Panama City, Panama. Date: 23 July, 2017.
KnowYourInsects.org says, “The photographer captured all the beauty of this grasshopper. Nice photo, Sheldon!”
Eastern Lubber Grasshopper (Romalea microptera)
Eastern lubber grasshopper, Romalea microptera (also known as Romalea guttata), family Romaleidae.
□ The eastern lubber grasshopper (sometimes called a Florida lubber) is a large grasshopper that often reaches 3 inches (7.5 cm) long. It moves quite slowly, making it easier to catch than most grasshoppers. Sometimes, its population numbers can soar and these grasshoppers can cause considerable crop damage.
□ Notice that the eastern lubber grasshopper has two scientific names. Most scientists use Romalea microptera because it is an older and familiar scientific name, but many actually consider Romalea guttata to be the “more correct” scientific name.
Photographed by: Sheldon L. Boyd. Identified by: Audrey Maran. Thank you, Audrey! Location: alongside the Rainbow River in Florida, USA. Date: 23 August, 2017.
KnowYourInsects.org says, “The photographer captured all the beauty of this grasshopper. Nice photo, Sheldon!”
Eastern Lubber Grasshopper (Romalea microptera)
Eastern lubber grasshopper, Romalea microptera (also known as Romalea guttata), family Romaleidae.
□ The microptera of the species name of this eastern lubber grasshopper refers to its relatively small wings (micro = small; ptera = wings). Most other adult grasshoppers have wings that extend to at least the end of the abdomen, but this species has wings only about half as long as the abdomen.
Photographed by: Mike Weyer. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Jacksonville, Florida, USA. Date: 15 September, 2019.
Eastern Lubber Grasshopper (Romalea microptera)
Eastern lubber grasshopper, nymph, Romalea microptera (also known as Romalea guttata), family Romaleidae.
□ The eastern lubber grasshopper goes through five molts as a nymph before it becomes an adult, getting longer and longer wings with each molt. This is the last nymphal stage (called the fifth instar) before it becomes an adult — quite a difference in coloration from the adult (shown in the previous row)!
Photographed by: Dona Marie Kitchen. Submitted and identified to order by: Sherry Polite. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: east Texas, USA. Date: 18 August, 2019.
KnowYourInsects.org says, “The photographer captured all the beauty of this grasshopper. Nice photo, Sheldon!”
Plains Lubber Grasshopper (Brachystola magna)
Plains lubber grasshopper, Brachystola magna (also known as Romalea guttata), family Romaleidae.
□ Adult plains lubber grasshopper have very short wings, and they are unable to fly. Some individuals are quite a colorful insect with a blue head, as shown, but others are green instead. To see the green adult, click here (bugguide.net).
Photographed and identified to order by: Steffen Grashoff. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Kingman Arizona, USA. Date: 21 September, 2007.

Stenopelmatidae, the Jerusalem crickets

Jerusalem cricket (<i>Stenopelmatus</i> spp.)
Jerusalem cricket in the genus Stenopelmatus, family Stenopelmatidae.
Jerusalem crickets are large, flightless insects can grow to be 2 inches (5 cm) long!
Photographed by: Stan Jones. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: eastern Washington state, USA.
Date: 22 August, 2016.
Stan says, “It was in the middle of a dirt path, in a very dry region on a 95 degree day, out mid-day. It didn’t move when we approached and let me get my phone about 2 ft away for a picture.”
Jerusalem cricket (<i>Stenopelmatus fuscus</i> spp.)
Jerusalem cricket, Stenopelmatus fuscus, family Stenopelmatidae.
Photographed by: Daphne Marchant. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: just north of Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. Date: 22 August, 2016.
Her friend Chris says, “(She) took the picture of this insect on a trail in the foothills just north of Salt Lake City, near the University of Utah.”
Jerusalem cricket (<i>Stenopelmatus</i> spp.)
Jerusalem cricket in the genus Stenopelmatus, family Stenopelmatidae.
Photographed by: Justin Gilles. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Palm Springs, California, USA. Date: 20 January, 2018.
Justin says, “This was in a swimming pool.”
Jerusalem cricket (Stenopelmatus fuscus)
Jerusalem cricket, Stenopelmatus fuscus, family Stenopelmatidae.
□ This photo of the underside of a Jerusalem cricket shows its strong jaws, which are perfect for chewing roots (and are also good for defending themselves from human fingers). They also have spiny legs (as shown) that help them dig into the soil.
Photographed and identified by: Bill Mertz. Location: Bellflower, California, USA. Date: 12 November, 2017.
Bill says, “They are very common out here.”
Jerusalem cricket (Stenopelmatus fuscus)
Jerusalem cricket, Stenopelmatus fuscus, family Stenopelmatidae.
□ The antennae of the Jerusalem cricket are quite long, although they are a bit difficult to see on this background.
Photographed and identified by: Bill Mertz. Location: Bellflower, California, USA. Date: 12 November, 2017.
Bill notes that this species is also known as niño de la tierra, which means “child of the earth.” He says, “Apparently, the large head (and an active imagination) gives the impression of a child. I’ve also heard people call them ‘potato bugs.’ But from my experience, most people call them... ‘eeeeek!’”
Jerusalem cricket (Stenopelmatus fuscus)
Jerusalem cricket, Stenopelmatus fuscus, family Stenopelmatidae.
Photographed and identified by: Ramona DeLaCruz. Location: American Falls, Idaho, USA. Date: 22 October, 2019.
Ramona spotted this one in the driveway.
Jerusalem cricket (Stenopelmatus fuscus)
Jerusalem cricket, Stenopelmatus fuscus, family Stenopelmatidae.
Photographed by: Ammon Wolfert. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: West Richland, Washington, USA. Date: 20 June, 2020.

Pamphagidae, the stone grasshoppers

Deceptive Stone Grasshopper (Acinipe deceptoria)
Deceptive stone grasshopper, Acinipe deceptoria, subfamily Pamphaginae, family Pamphagidae.
□ This deceptive stone grasshopper looks like it had a difficult encounter with a predator, as it is missing both hind legs and part of its right foreleg. It is native to Spain, where it is found in limited regions, typically hot, dry, mountainous areas. During rare outbreaks, they have been noted as pests on rosemary.
Photographed by: Mike Billing. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Almogía, Andalusia, Spain. Date: 3 August, 2020.
Mike says, “It was in the countryside and dropped from the roof of the house. It’s 7cm long and waddles along on its four legs.”
Add your photo here!
Add your photo here!

Acrididae, the short-horned grasshoppers

Pallid-Winged Grasshopper (Trimerotropis pallidipennis)
Pallid-winged grasshopper, Trimerotropis pallidipennis, subfamily Oedipodinae, family Acrididae.
□ The pallid-winged grasshopper belongs to a subfamily called the Band-Winged Grasshoppers (subfamily Oedipodinae), and it is easy to see why. This looks very similar to the California Rose-Winged Grasshopper (Dissosteira pictipennis), but the California Rose-Winged Grasshopper has a ridge running down the center of the pronotum (the “shield” over its thorax).
Photographed by: Thomas Langhans. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. See Thomas’ full-size image here. Location: South San Francisco, county of San Mateo, California, USA. Date: 9 June, 2017.
Pallid-Winged Grasshopper (Trimerotropis pallidipennis)
Pallid-winged grasshopper, Trimerotropis pallidipennis, subfamily Oedipodinae, family Acrididae.
Photographed and identified by: Thomas Langhans. See Thomas’ full-size images here and here. Location: San Bruno, county of San Mateo, California, USA. Date: 24 September, 2018.
Grasshopper
Acridid grasshopper, Dittopternis venusta, subfamily Oedipodinae, family Acrididae.
□ Two key characteristics of this acridid grasshopper (Dittopternis venusta), are shown in this photo: the inside of each hind leg has two black bands, and half of its tibia (the “shin”) is bright blue. Photographed and identified by: Dr. Kailash Chandra and Sunil Kumar Gupta, Zoological Survey of India Location: Chhattisgarh, India. Date: 9 July, 2011.
Carolina Locust (<i>Dissosteria carolina</i>)
Carolina locust, also known as a Carolina grasshopper, Dissosteria carolina, subfamily Oedipodinae, family Acrididae.
□ The hind wings are hidden when the Carolina locust is not flying. When it flies, however, the hind wings open like a fan. Each hind wing is black with a wide light-yellow trim, and you can see a bit of the hind wing peeking out in this photo.
Photographed by Amanda McCreless. Identified by: Sara Mitchell. Location: Lapeer County, Michigan, USA. Date: 23 July, 2010.
Carolina Locust (<i>Dissosteria carolina</i>)
Carolina locust, also known as a Carolina grasshopper, nymph, Dissosteria carolina, subfamily Oedipodinae, family Acrididae.
□ A feature of the Carolina locust is the ridge at the top of the pronotum (the shield-like covering over the thorax). Although not visible in this photo, another feature is dark striping on the inside of the hind legs.
Photographed and identified to order by: Kim Stringer. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Wilcox-Palmer-Shah Nature Preserve of the Grand Traverse Regional Land Conservancy, Antrim County, Michigan, USA. Date: 25 July, 2019.
Kim says, "This one is about 1/2 inch long.”
Insect facts
Grasshoppers in the family Acrididae are collectively known as “short-horned” grasshoppers. This actually refers to their antennae, which are rather short. Compare these with the katydids in the family Tettigoniidae, seen elsewhere on this page, to view a family with long antennae.
Differential Grasshopper (Melanoplus differentialis)
Differential grasshopper, Melanoplus differentialis, subfamily Melanoplinae, family Acrididae.
□ Note the distinctive chevron markings on the hind-leg femur of this differential grasshopper.
Photographed by: Thomas Langhans. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. See Thomas' full-size image here. Location: South San Francisco, county of San Mateo, California, USA. Date: 5 December, 2017.
Differential Grasshopper (Melanoplus differentialis)
Differential grasshopper, Melanoplus differentialis, subfamily Melanoplinae, family Acrididae.
□ Another feature of the differential grasshopper is the long grooves down the sides of its pronotum, which is the shield behind covering its thorax. As suggested by its name, there is a good deal of variety in the appearance of individuals in this family, and some are almost completely black in color.
Photographed by: Kyle A. Lengerich. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Greenwood, Indiana, USA. Date: 2018.
Differential Grasshopper (Melanoplus differentialis)
Differential grasshopper, male, Melanoplus differentialis, subfamily Melanoplinae, family Acrididae.
□ The chevron pattern on the femur of the hind leg is showcased in this photo of a differential grasshopper. Notice also in this photo that all six of the legs and both wings are attached to the thorax — this is true for all insects.
Photographed by: Tori Thompson. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Michigan, USA. Date: 22 September, 2019.
Tori says, “The amount of detail, beautiful armour-like plating and the sheer size of this guy is amazing.”
Two-Striped Grasshopper, Melanoplus bivittatus
Two-striped grasshopper, Melanoplus bivittatus, subfamily Melanoplinae, family Acrididae.
□ The two-striped grasshopper is well-named. It has two prominent stripes running down its back. Another feature of this grasshopper is the dark stripe through the center of the femur of each hind leg.
Photographed and identified to order by: Kim Stringer. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Wilcox-Palmer-Shah Nature Preserve of the Grand Traverse Regional Land Conservancy, Antrim County, Michigan, USA. Date: 24 July, 2019.
Migratory Grasshopper, Melanoplus sanguinipes
Acridid Grasshopper, probably migratory grasshopper, Melanoplus sanguinipes, subfamily Melanoplinae, family Acrididae.
□ The migratory grasshopper also goes by the common names of Red-Legged Grasshopper and Lesser Grasshopper. It is very difficult to distiguish from several other species.
Photographed and identified to order by: Kim Stringer. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Wilcox-Palmer-Shah Nature Preserve of the Grand Traverse Regional Land Conservancy, Antrim County, Michigan, USA. Date: 24 July, 2019.
Red-legged grasshopper (Melanoplus femurrubrum)
Red-legged grasshopper, Melanoplus femurrubrum, subfamily Melanoplinae, family Acrididae.
□ The red on the hind leg is quite visible in this photo, which appears to be a red-legged grasshopper. Several species actually look quite alike, and one of the ways to distinguish them is by a close look at the rear end, so this identification remains a best guess.
Photographed and identified to family by: Celia Godwin. Location: eastern Ontario, Canada. Date: 23 August, 2016.
Red-legged grasshopper (Melanoplus femurrubrum)
Red-legged grasshopper, Melanoplus femurrubrum, subfamily Melanoplinae, family Acrididae.
□ This red-legged grasshopper is one of the short-horned grasshoppers. The term “short-horned” refers to their relatively short antennae.
Photographed by Amanda McCreless. Identified by: Sara Mitchell. Location: Washtenaw County, Michigan, USA. Date: 26 July, 2010.
Pine Tree Spur-Throat Grasshopper, aka Grizzly Spur-Throat Grasshopper (Melanoplus punctulatus)
Pine tree spur-throat grasshopper, also known as a grizzly spur-throat grasshopper or grizzlied locust, Melanoplus punctulatus, subfamily Melanoplinae, family Acrididae.
□ Although the pine tree spur-throat grasshopper occurs over a large range extending through the eastern half of the United States and north into Canada, it is quite a rare grasshopper. In addition, little is known about its behavior or ecology. This grasshopper is sometimes mistaken for similar-looking members of this genus, but one way to distinguish it from other Melanoplus species is to look for a red patch on the inside of each hind-leg femur. That red patch can be seen with a careful look at the right hind leg in this excellent photograph.
Photographed and identified to family by: Sheryl Seyer. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: northeastern Ohio, USA. Date: 14 September, 2018.
Pine Tree Spur-Throat Grasshopper, aka Grizzly Spur-Throat Grasshopper (Melanoplus punctulatus)
Pine tree spur-throat grasshopper, also known as a grizzly spur-throat grasshopper or grizzlied locust, nymph, Melanoplus punctulatus, subfamily Melanoplinae, family Acrididae.
□ This photo provides a nice side view of a nymph of a pine tree spur-throat grasshopper. Nymphs have short, nonfunctional wings (as seen here). These are called wing buds. After the final molt, this nymph will become an adult with full-sized wings that are capable of flight. The species name of punctulatus is a Latin word that means dots, and this grasshopper is definitely covered with little dots!
Photographed and identified by: Christine Vrooman. Location: Amherst County, central Virginia, USA. Date: 7 July, 2019.
Christine took this photo at 1,800-feet elevation in the Blue Ridge Mountains.
Spur-Throat Grasshopper (Melanoplus spp.)
Spur-throat grasshopper, nymph, in the genus Melanoplus, subfamily Melanoplinae, family Acrididae.
□ Although this is a very young spur-throat grasshopper, the herringbone pattern on its hind femur is still evident. The tiny wing buds are nonfunctional — they will get larger at every molt and once it becomes an adult, it will be able to use them for flight.
Photographed by: Tori Thompson. Location: southeastern Michigan, USA. Date: 8 July, 2021.
Tori says, “OMG, he’s so cute! He has little fairy wings!”
Olive Green Swamp Grasshopper (Paroxya clavuliger)
Olive green swamp grasshopper, Paroxya clavuliger, subfamily Melanoplinae, family Acrididae.
□ This olive green swamp grasshopper may be missing a hind leg, but the bold black stripe is enough to identify it. This one is quite green, but some individuals are more of a light olive to tan color, or even brown.
Photographed and identified to order by: Marv Goldberg. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Tamarac, Florida, USA. Date: 13 May, 2020.
Xenocatantops humilis
Acridid grasshopper, Xenocatantops humilis humilis, subfamily Catantopinae, family Acrididae.
Photographed and identified by: Dr. Kailash Chandra and Sunil Kumar Gupta, Zoological Survey of India Location: Chhattisgarh, India. Date: 28 June, 2014.
Diabolocatantops innotabilis
Acridid grasshopper, Diabolocatantops innotabilis, subfamily Catantopinae, family Acrididae.
Photographed and identified by: Dr. Kailash Chandra and Sunil Kumar Gupta, Zoological Survey of India. Location: Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary, Raipur district, Chhattisgarh, India. Date: 28 September, 2007.
Acridid Grasshopper (Diabolocatantops spp)
Acridid grasshopper in the genus Diabolocatantops, subfamily Catantopinae, family Acrididae.
Photographed by: Devendra Solanki. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Dondwada, Madhya, Pradesh, India. Date: 29 September, 2017.
Acridid Grasshopper, Catantopinae
Acridid grasshopper, occasionally called a little clown grasshopper, nymph, in the subfamily Catantopinae, family Acrididae.
□ Despite the coloration and distinct pattern on this little clown grasshopper nymph, KnowYourInsects.org could only identify it to subfamily — not to species.
Photographed and identified to order by: Akku Anna. Identified to subfamily by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Chennai in Tamil Nadu, India. Date: 25 August, 2018.
Acridid Grasshopper, Oxya spp.
Acridid grasshopper in the genus Oxya, subfamily Oxyinae, family Acrididae.
□ The area of India where this photo was taken has at least four species of acridid grasshoppers within the genus Oxya: Oxya japonica, Oxya hyla, Oxya fuscovittata, and Oxya nitidula. KnowYourInsects.org cannot determine which species it is from the photo.
Photographed and identified to genus by: Chinmay Chaitanya Maliye. Location: Bangalore, India. Date: 13 December, 2018.
Hieroglyphus nigrorepletus
Rice grasshopper, Hieroglyphus nigrorepletus, subfamily Hemiacridinae, family Acrididae.
□ The dark-highlighted sculpting on the thorax help to distinguish this as a rice grasshopper. It is a pest of various crops, including sugar cane and rice, and may travel in swarms.
Photographed and identified to order by: Sundus Zahid. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Mansehra, KPK, Pakistan. Date: 24 September, 2019.
Cyrtacanthacris tatarica
Brown-spotted locust, Cyrtacanthacris tatarica, subfamily Cyrtacanthacridinae, family Acrididae.
□ According to a 2014 research paper in the Journal of Insect Science, the brown-spotted locust is found “in the scattered vegetation of grasses, herbs, and shrubs” and it is a solitary species, so it does not swarm as many other locusts do.” Photographed and identified by: Dr. Kailash Chandra and Sunil Kumar Gupta, Zoological Survey of India. Location: Chhattisgarh, India. Date: 4 June, 2012.
Cyrtacanthacris tatarica
Brown-spotted locust, Cyrtacanthacris tatarica, subfamily Cyrtacanthacridinae, family Acrididae.
□ The striped eyes and the spines on each hind-leg tibia (“shins”) of this brown-spotted locust are clearly visible in this excellent photo.
Photographed by: Abhishek Gawande. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Satara, Maharashtra, India. Date: 29 September, 2018.
Acrididae nymph
Short-horned grasshopper in the family Acrididae.
□ The brown-leather color of this short-horned grasshopper nymph is quite lovely.
Photographed and identified to family by: Will MacKinnon. Location: Alger County, Michigan. Date: 30 May, 2021.
Will says, “This wee beastie was in a boreal forest, woodland. It is on dwarf bilberry, Vaccinium cespitosum, with V. angustifolium and V. myrtilloides common in the area.... This just above an extensive sedge dominated fen.”
American Bird Grasshopper (Schistocerca americana)
American bird grasshopper, also known as American Grasshopper, Schistocerca americana, subfamily Cyrtacanthacridinae, family Acrididae.
□ The American bird grasshopper can become extremely numerous under certain conditions.
Photographed and identified to order by: Maryle Barbé. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Florida, USA. Date: 2013.
American Bird Grasshopper (Schistocerca americana)
American bird grasshopper, also known as American Grasshopper, Schistocerca americana, subfamily Cyrtacanthacridinae, family Acrididae.
□ In temperate climates, adult grasshoppers die off, but the eggs survive the cold. The American bird grasshopper is one of the few that survive the winter as adults. In warmer climates, such as Florida, they are active year-round as adults and are major agricultural pests, especially on vegetables and young citrus trees.
Photographed and identified to order by: Sheldon L. Boyd. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: The Villages Florida, USA. Date: 8 January, 2018.
Bird Grasshopper (Schistocerca spp., possibly S. alutacea)
Bird grasshopper in the genus Schistocerca, possibly Schistocerca alutacea, subfamily Cyrtacanthacridinae, family Acrididae.
Bird grasshoppers get their name because they fly very well. Several similar species of this genus are found in the New World — this may be the species Schistocerca alutacea. Only one member of this genus resides in the Old World: Schistocerca gregaria, known mainly as the locust behind the great locust plagues.
Photographed by: Michelle Von Sutphen. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Outer Banks of North Carolina, USA. Date: 10 October, 2020.
Garden locust (Acanthacris ruficornis)
Garden locust, Acanthacris ruficornis, subfamily Cyrtacanthacridinae, family Acrididae.
Garden locusts have quite distinctive hind legs with the short black stripe on the femur and the blue-and-red tibia with red-tipped spines. The red tips on the spines will require a close look!
□ This species sometimes has a second brown band on the pronotum (the shield covering the thorax).
Photographed and identified by: Natalie Rowles. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Pinetown, South Africa (near Durban, KwaZulu-Natal). Date: 12 May, 2020.
Egyptian tree locust (Anacridium aegyptium)
Egyptian tree locust, Anacridium aegyptium, subfamily Cyrtacanthacridinae, family Acrididae.
□ The Egyptian tree locust can be quite large, with the females growing to as much as 2 3/4 inches long (7 cm) and males to 2 1/4 inches long (6 cm). It has pale orange hind-leg femurs set off with three dashes of black along the top of each and a row of spines along the bottom, but perhaps the most noticeable feature is the striped eyes.
Photographed and identified by: Melanie Pritchard. Location: Góis, Portugal. Date: 8 June, 2020.
Melanie says, “We rescued him from an underground garage and he obligingly posed for a photo afterwards!” She adds, “He was keeping a close eye on me. Beautiful creature.”
Teratodes monticollis
Hooded grasshopper, Teratodes monticollis, subfamily Teratodinae, family Acrididae.
□ The expanded and shield-like pronotum of the hooded grasshopper give it the appearance of a leaf — excellent camouflage!
Photographed and identified by: Dr. Kailash Chandra and Sunil Kumar Gupta, Zoological Survey of India. Location: Chhattisgarh, India. Date: 15 July, 2011.
Teratodes monticollis
Hooded grasshopper in the genus Teratodes, likely Teratodes monticollis, subfamily Teratodinae, family Acrididae.
□ Because the wing extends all the way over the abdomen, this is an adult hooded grasshopper. Shorter wings would indicate a nymph. This is a brown form of the species.
Photographed and identified to genus by: Vikrant Berde. Identified to tentative species by: KnowYourInsects.org Location: Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra state, India. Date: 16 May, 2020.
Silent Slant-Faced Grasshopper (Acrida indica)
Silent slant-faced grasshopper, Acrida indica, subfamily Acridinae, family Acrididae.
□ Males of most grasshoppers make noise, or stridulate, by rubbing pegs on their hind legs against their wings. Male silent slant-faced grasshoppers have no pegs, so they cannot make noise.
Photographed by: Devendra Solanki. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Khargone, Madhya, Pradesh, India. Date: 29 September, 2017.
Silent Slant-Faced Grasshopper (Acrida cinerea)
Silent slant-faced grasshopper, Acrida cinerea, subfamily Acridinae, family Acrididae.
□ Many of the 40-plus species of grasshoppers in this subfamily — Acridinae — have no specific common names, and so are listed under the general name of silent slant-faced grasshoppers.
Photographed by: Devendra Solanki. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Khargone, Madhya, Pradesh, India. Date: 29 September, 2017.
Acrida exaltata
Silent slant-faced grasshopper, Acrida exaltata, subfamily Acridinae, family Acrididae.
□ For this silent slant-faced grasshopper, the antennae are coming out of the top of the head, and the mouthparts can be seen near the front legs — now that is a slanted face!
Photographed and identified as a grasshopper by: K J Westman. Identified to species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Nithulemada, Digana, Rajawella, Kandy, Sri Lanka. Date: 6 March, 2018.
K J found this grasshopper at 11 p.m. on the house veranda in Sri Lanka. KnowYourInsects.org says, “Great shot, K J!”
Silent Slant-Faced Grasshopper (Acrida spp.)
Silent slant-faced grasshopper in the genus Acrida, subfamily Acridinae, family Acrididae.
□ The head of this silent slant-faced grasshopper almost looks like it was stretched like pulled taffy.
Photographed by: Bhuvan Raj. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Location: Bangalore, Karnataka, India. Date: 8 March, 2020.
Add your photo here!
Two-Striped Mermiria (Mermiria bivittata)
Toothpick grasshopper, likely a two-striped mermiria, nymph, Mermiria bivittata, subfamily Gomphocerinae, family Acrididae.
□ This toothpick grasshopper nymph is quite possibly a two-striped mermiria, also known as a two-striped toothpick grasshopper. This is a young nymph and does not show the striping, but older nymphs and adults will have a dark stripe running down each side of the body from the head to the thorax and onto the wings. The antennae look almost like a bull’s horns.
Photographed and identified to family by: Tony Zydlewski. Identified to tentative species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Texas, USA. Date: 26 June, 2021.
Clip-Wing Grasshopper (Metaleptea brevicornis)
Clip-wing grasshopper, Metaleptea brevicornis, subfamily Gomphocerinae, family Acrididae.
□ It is called a clip-wing grasshopper because of the angled edge on the back of the long forewings (the hind wings are hidden under the forewings).
Photographed by: J.J. Ford. Identified by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Shelby County, eastern Texas, USA. Date: 19 August, 2018.
Lesser Marsh Hopper (Chorthippus albomarginatus)
Lesser marsh hopper, Chorthippus albomarginatus, subfamily Gomphocerinae, family Acrididae.
□ The lesser marsh hopper, which has a short buzzy mating call, can be found in wet places (as its name suggests), but also frequents drier spots.
Photographed and identified by: Jean-Louis Metzger. Location: St. Pée-sur-Nivelle, France. Date: 31 August, 2016.
Meadow Grasshopper (Chorthippus parallelus)
Grasshopper, possibly a meadow grasshopper, Chorthippus parallelus, subfamily Gomphocerinae, family Acrididae.
□ One of the identifying features in this genus of grasshoppers is the shape of the pronotal side keel, or the slight ridge on the shield covering the thorax. The common field grasshopper (Chorthippus brunneus) has an upward angle toward the center, and the meadow grasshopper (Chorthippus parallelus) has a fairly straight keel, as seen in this photo. This suggests it is the latter.
Photographed and identified to family by: Jean-Louis Metzger. Identified to tentative species by: KnowYourInsects.org. Location: Headington, Oxford, UK. Date: 8 August, 2015.
Jean-Louis snapped this grasshopper on the back wall of the house. KnowYourInsects.org likes visitor like this :-)

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