References and Images Used in Online Key
General information sources:
• Capinera, John L. Encyclopedia of entomology. Springer: 2008,
• Gangwere, Stanley K. Entomology. Livonia, Mich.: First Page Publications. 2005.
• Gibb, Timothy J., and Oseto, C. Y. Arthropod collection and identification:field and laboratory techniques. Academic Press: 2006.
• Holzinger, Werner E. Zikaden: leafhoppers, planthoppers, and cicadas (Insecta: Hemiptera (i.e. Homoptera) : Auchenorrhyncha), Issue 4. Oberösterreichisches Landesmuseum: 2002.
• Kellogg, Vernon Lyman, and Ferris, Gordon Floyd. The Anoplura and Mallophaga of North American mammals. The University: 1915.
• Scarborough, John. Medical and Biological Terminologies: Classical Origins. University of Oklahoma Press: 1998.
• Aspock, H. “The Biology of Raphidioptera: A Review of Present Knowledge,” Acta Zoologica Adacemiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 48 (Suppl. 2), pp. 35-50, 2002.
• Animal Life Resource. http://animals.jrank.org/. Accessed April 19, 2012.
• Anoplura or Siphunculata —Sucking Lice. Bumblebee.org. http://www.bumblebee.org/invertebrates/Anoplura.htm. Accessed January 13, 2012.
• A Pictorial Key to the Order of Adult Insects. Entomology Extension at Purdue University. http://extension.entm.purdue.edu/401Book/pdf/order_pictorial_key.pdf. Accessed March 17, 2012.
• Dictyoptera (cockroaches, mantises and termites). BiodiversityExplorer.org. http://www.biodiversityexplorer.org/insects/dictyoptera/. Accessed January 8, 2012.
• Flea Anatomy. How Stuff Works. http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/life/zoology/insects-arachnids/flea1.htm. Accessed January 12, 2012.
• Identification of Insects and Mites. Virginia Tech College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. http://www.insectid.ento.vt.edu/insect-id/orders/index.html. Accessed February 29, 2012.
• Index to the Compendium of Hexapod Classes and Orders. General Entomology. North Carolina State University. http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/course/ent425/library/compendium/index.html. Accessed February 29, 2012.
• Insect Groups (Orders). Amateur Entomologists' Society. http://www.amentsoc.org/insects/fact-files/orders/. Accessed February 29, 2012.
• Insect Morphology. “ Ornamentals and Turf Entomology” University of Minnesota’s Department of Entomology. http://www.entomology.umn.edu/cues/4015/morpology/. Accessed January 12, 2012.
• Mecoptera. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mecoptera. Accessed January 12, 2012.
• Mertz, Leslie. Personal contributions.
• Sucking Louse. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anoplura. Accessed January 13, 2012.
• Thysanura. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thysanura. Accessed January 12, 2012.
Images on webpages:
As noted on pages.
Website banner photos (left to right):
• Potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata) — photo credit: Scott Bauer, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
• Ebony jewelwing (Calopteryx maculata)— photo credit: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
• Sweat bee (Agapostemon splendens) — photo credit: Natalie Allen and Stephanie Kolski, U.S. Geological Survey.
• Preying mantis — photo credit: Leslie Mertz, personal image collection.
• Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) — photo credit: Leslie Mertz, personal image collection.
• Hellgrammite (aka toe biter) larva — photo credit: Leslie Mertz, personal image collection.
• Eyed click beetle (Alaus oculatus) — photo credit: Leslie Mertz, personal image collection.
• Halloween pennant (Celithemis eponina) — photo credit: Kay Meng, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
References and Images Used in Original Key and Database*
*Original key and database developed by Sara Mitchell, Mary-Jo Germain, Charlotte Dotson, Renee Millard and Amanda McCreless.
• Cranston, P. S., and P.J. Gullan. The Insects: An Outline of Entomology. 2nd ed. London: Blackwell Science Ltd, 2000. Print.
• Dunn, Gary. A. Insects of the Great Lakes Region. Michigan: The University of Michigan Press, 1996. Print.
• Imes, Rick. The Practical Entomologist. New York: Quarto Publishing plc, 1992. Print.
• Milne, Lorus, and Margery Milne. National Audubon Society: Field Guide to North American Insects and Spiders. New York: Alfred A. Knof, 1980. Print.
Note: Original key was adapted from the key in The Practical Entomologist.
• Personal collection: Captured, pinned and identified by Sara Mitchell. July 2010, Lapeer, Mich., during Eastern Michigan University Fish Lake Biology Program course BIO 531, “Field Studies for Life Science Educators” under Leslie Mertz, Ph.D..
• National Park Service image galleries, http://www.nps.gov. Accessed August 2011.
• Missouri Department of Conservation image galleries. http://mdc.mo.gov. Accessed August 2011.
• U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service image gallery. http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/graphics/photos/. Accessed August 2011.
• General Leonard Wood Army Community Hospital. http://glwach.amedd.army.mil/. Accessed August 2011.
• U.S. Forest Service photo gallery. http://www.fs.fed.us/photovideo/. Accessed August 2011.
• U.S. Environmental Protection Agency image galleries. http://www.epa.gov. Accessed August 2011.
Unless noted otherwise, photographs on this website are the property of the photographers and may not be reused without written permission from the photographers. To obtain permission, email the photographers here. High-resolution versions of the photographs are available.
Photos at the top of this website are (from left to right): potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata) — photo credit: Scott Bauer, U.S. Department of Agriculture; ebony jewelwing (Calopteryx maculata)— photo credit: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; sweat bee (Agapostemon splendens) — photo credit: Natalie Allen and Stephanie Kolski, U.S. Geological Survey; preying mantis, monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus), hellgrammite (aka toe biter) larva and eyed click beetle (Alaus oculatus) — photo credit: Leslie Mertz, DailyGraceCards.com; Halloween pennant (Celithemis eponina) — photo credit: Kay Meng, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
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